Engineering Fundamentals Checklist
This checklist helps to ensure that our projects meet our Engineering Fundamentals.
- The default target branch is locked.
- Merges are done through PRs.
- PRs reference related work items.
- Commit history is consistent and commit messages are informative (what, why).
- Consistent branch naming conventions.
- Clear documentation of repository structure.
- Secrets are not part of the commit history or made public. (see Credential scanning)
- Public repositories follow the OSS guidelines, see
Required files in default branch for public repositories.
More details on source control
Work Item Tracking
- All items are tracked in AzDevOps (or similar).
- The board is organized (swim lanes, feature tags, technology tags).
More details on backlog management
- Unit tests cover the majority of all components (>90% if possible).
- Integration tests run to test the solution e2e.
More details on automated testing
- Project runs CI with automated build and test on each PR.
- Project uses CD to manage deployments to a replica environment before PRs are merged.
- Main branch is always shippable.
More details on continuous integration and continuous delivery
- Access is only granted on an as-needed basis
- Secrets are stored in secured locations and not checked in to code
- Data is encrypted in transit (and if necessary at rest) and passwords are hashed
- Is the system split into logical segments with separation of concerns? This helps limiting security vulnerabilities.
More details on security
- Significant business and functional events are tracked and related metrics collected.
- Application faults and errors are logged.
- Health of the system is monitored.
- The client and server side observability data can be differentiated.
- Logging configuration can be modified without code changes (eg: verbose mode).
- Incoming tracing context is propagated to allow for production issue debugging purposes.
- GDPR compliance is ensured regarding PII (Personally Identifiable Information).
More details on observability
- Process Lead (fixed/rotating) runs the daily standup
- The agile process is clearly defined within team.
- The Dev Lead (+ PO/Others) are responsible for backlog management and refinement.
- A working agreement is established between team members and customer.
More details on agile development
- Process for conducting design reviews is included in the Working Agreement.
- Design reviews for each major component of the solution are carried out and documented, including alternatives.
- Stories and/or PRs link to the design document.
- Each user story includes a task for design review by default, which is assigned or removed during sprint planning.
- Project advisors are invited to design reviews or asked to give feedback to the design decisions captured in documentation.
- Discover all the reviews that the customer's processes require and plan for them.
- Clear non-functional requirements captured (see Non-Functional Requirements Guidance)
More details on design reviews
- There is a clear agreement in the team as to function of code reviews.
- The team has a code review checklist or established process.
- A minimum number of reviewers (usually 2) for a PR merge is enforced by policy.
- Linters/Code Analyzers, unit tests and successful builds for PR merges are set up.
- There is a process to enforce a quick review turnaround.
More details on code reviews
- Retrospectives are conducted each week/at the end of each sprint.
- The team identifies 1-3 proposed experiments to try each week/sprint to improve the process.
- Experiments have owners and are added to project backlog.
- The team conducts longer retrospective for Milestones and project completion.
More details on retrospectives
- The team submits feedback on business and technical blockers that prevent project success
- Suggestions for improvements are incorporated in the solution
- Feedback is detailed and repeatable
More details on engineering feedback
Developer Experience (DevEx)
Developers on the team can:
- Build/Compile source to verify it is free of syntax errors and compiles.
- Execute all automated tests (unit, e2e, etc).
- Start/Launch end-to-end to simulate execution in a deployed environment.
- Attach a debugger to started solution or running automated tests, set breakpoints, step through code, and inspect variables.
- Automatically install dependencies by pressing F5 (or equivalent) in their IDE.
- Use local dev configuration values (i.e. .env, appsettings.development.json).
More details on developer experience
Last update: July 21, 2022