Tektronix Drivers

Classes:

TekronixDPOTrigger(parent, name[, ...])

Submodule for trigger setup.

TekronixDPOWaveform(parent, name, identifier)

This submodule retrieves data from waveform sources, e.g. channels.

Tektronix70000AWGChannel(parent, name, channel)

Class to hold a channel of the AWG.

TektronixAWG5014(name, address[, timeout, ...])

This is the QCoDeS driver for the Tektronix AWG5014 Arbitrary Waveform Generator.

TektronixAWG5208(name, address[, timeout])

The QCoDeS driver for Tektronix AWG5208

TektronixAWG70001A(name, address[, timeout])

The QCoDeS driver for Tektronix AWG70001A series AWG's.

TektronixAWG70001B(name, address[, timeout])

The QCoDeS driver for Tektronix AWG70001B series AWG's.

TektronixAWG70002A(name, address[, timeout])

The QCoDeS driver for Tektronix AWG70002A series AWG's.

TektronixAWG70002B(name, address[, timeout])

The QCoDeS driver for Tektronix AWG70002B series AWG's.

TektronixDPO5000(name, address, **kwargs)

QCoDeS driver for Tektronix DPO5000 Digital Oscilloscopes

TektronixDPO7000(name, address, **kwargs)

QCoDeS driver for Tektronix DPO7000 Digital Oscilloscopes

TektronixDPO70000(name, address, **kwargs)

QCoDeS driver for Tektronix DPO70000 Digital Oscilloscopes

TektronixDPOChannel(parent, name, channel_number)

The main channel module for the oscilloscope.

TektronixDPOData(parent, name)

This submodule sets and retrieves information regarding the data source for the "CURVE?" query, which is used when retrieving waveform data.

TektronixDPOHorizontal(parent, name)

This module controls the horizontal axis of the scope

TektronixDPOMeasurement(parent, name, ...)

The measurement submodule

TektronixDPOMeasurementParameter(name[, ...])

A measurement parameter does not only return the instantaneous value of a measurement, but can also return some statistics.

TektronixDPOMeasurementStatistics(*args, ...)

TektronixDPOWaveformFormat(parent, name)

With this sub module we can query waveform formatting data.

TektronixDSA70000(name, address, **kwargs)

QCoDeS driver for Tektronix DSA70000 Digital Oscilloscopes

TektronixMSO5000(name, address, **kwargs)

QCoDeS driver for Tektronix MSO5000 Digital Oscilloscopes

TektronixMSO70000(name, address, **kwargs)

QCoDeS driver for Tektronix MSO70000 Digital Oscilloscopes

TektronixTPS2012(name, address[, timeout])

This is the QCoDeS driver for the Tektronix 2012B oscilloscope.

TektronixTPS2012Channel(parent, name, ...)

Exceptions:

TektronixDPOModeError

Raise this exception if we are in a wrong mode to perform an action

class qcodes.instrument_drivers.tektronix.TekronixDPOTrigger(parent: Instrument, name: str, delayed_trigger: bool = False)[source]

Bases: InstrumentChannel

Submodule for trigger setup.

You can trigger with the A (Main) trigger system alone or combine the A (Main) trigger with the B (Delayed) trigger to trigger on sequential events. When using sequential triggering, the A trigger event arms the trigger system, and the B trigger event triggers the instrument when the B trigger conditions are met.

A and B triggers can (and typically do) have separate sources. The B trigger condition is based on a time delay or a specified number of events.

See page75, Using A (Main) and B (Delayed) triggers. https://download.tek.com/manual/MSO70000C-DX-DPO70000C-DX-MSO-DPO7000C-MSO-DPO5000B-Oscilloscope-Quick-Start-User-Manual-071298006.pdf

Methods:

__getitem__(key)

Delegate instrument['name'] to parameter or function 'name'.

__getstate__()

Prevent pickling instruments, and give a nice error message.

__repr__()

Custom repr to give parent information

add_function(name, **kwargs)

Bind one Function to this instrument.

add_parameter(name[, parameter_class])

Bind one Parameter to this instrument.

add_submodule(name, submodule)

Bind one submodule to this instrument.

ask(cmd)

ask_raw(cmd)

call(func_name, *args)

Shortcut for calling a function from its name.

get(param_name)

Shortcut for getting a parameter from its name.

get_component(full_name)

Recursively get a component of the instrument by full_name.

invalidate_cache()

Invalidate the cache of all parameters on the instrument.

load_metadata(metadata)

Load metadata into this classes metadata dictionary.

print_readable_snapshot([update, max_chars])

Prints a readable version of the snapshot.

set(param_name, value)

Shortcut for setting a parameter from its name and new value.

snapshot([update])

Decorate a snapshot dictionary with metadata.

snapshot_base([update, params_to_skip_update])

State of the instrument as a JSON-compatible dict (everything that the custom JSON encoder class NumpyJSONEncoder supports).

validate_status([verbose])

Validate the values of all gettable parameters

write(cmd)

write_raw(cmd)

Attributes:

ancestors

Ancestors in the form of a list of InstrumentBase

delegate_attr_dicts

A list of names (strings) of dictionaries which are (or will be) attributes of self, whose keys should be treated as attributes of self.

delegate_attr_objects

A list of names (strings) of objects which are (or will be) attributes of self, whose attributes should be passed through to self.

full_name

Full name of the instrument.

label

Nicely formatted label of the instrument.

name

Full name of the instrument

name_parts

A list of all the parts of the instrument name from root_instrument() to the current InstrumentModule.

omit_delegate_attrs

A list of attribute names (strings) to not delegate to any other dictionary or object.

parent

The parent instrument.

root_instrument

The topmost parent of this module.

short_name

Short name of the instrument.

parameters

All the parameters supported by this instrument.

functions

All the functions supported by this instrument.

submodules

All the submodules of this instrument such as channel lists or logical groupings of parameters.

instrument_modules

All the InstrumentModule of this instrument Usually populated via add_submodule().

__getitem__(key: str) Callable[[...], Any] | Parameter

Delegate instrument[‘name’] to parameter or function ‘name’.

__getstate__() None

Prevent pickling instruments, and give a nice error message.

__repr__() str

Custom repr to give parent information

add_function(name: str, **kwargs: Any) None

Bind one Function to this instrument.

Instrument subclasses can call this repeatedly in their __init__ for every real function of the instrument.

This functionality is meant for simple cases, principally things that map to simple commands like *RST (reset) or those with just a few arguments. It requires a fixed argument count, and positional args only.

Note

We do not recommend the usage of Function for any new driver. Function does not add any significant features over a method defined on the class.

Parameters:
  • name – How the Function will be stored within instrument.Functions and also how you address it using the shortcut methods: instrument.call(func_name, *args) etc.

  • **kwargs – constructor kwargs for Function

Raises:

KeyError – If this instrument already has a function with this name.

add_parameter(name: str, parameter_class: type[ParameterBase] | None = None, **kwargs: Any) None

Bind one Parameter to this instrument.

Instrument subclasses can call this repeatedly in their __init__ for every real parameter of the instrument.

In this sense, parameters are the state variables of the instrument, anything the user can set and/or get.

Parameters:
  • name – How the parameter will be stored within parameters and also how you address it using the shortcut methods: instrument.set(param_name, value) etc.

  • parameter_class – You can construct the parameter out of any class. Default parameters.Parameter.

  • **kwargs – Constructor arguments for parameter_class.

Raises:
  • KeyError – If this instrument already has a parameter with this name and the parameter being replaced is not an abstract parameter.

  • ValueError – If there is an existing abstract parameter and the unit of the new parameter is inconsistent with the existing one.

add_submodule(name: str, submodule: InstrumentModule | ChannelTuple) None

Bind one submodule to this instrument.

Instrument subclasses can call this repeatedly in their __init__ method for every submodule of the instrument.

Submodules can effectively be considered as instruments within the main instrument, and should at minimum be snapshottable. For example, they can be used to either store logical groupings of parameters, which may or may not be repeated, or channel lists. They should either be an instance of an InstrumentModule or a ChannelTuple.

Parameters:
  • name – How the submodule will be stored within instrument.submodules and also how it can be addressed.

  • submodule – The submodule to be stored.

Raises:
  • KeyError – If this instrument already contains a submodule with this name.

  • TypeError – If the submodule that we are trying to add is not an instance of an Metadatable object.

property ancestors: tuple[InstrumentBase, ...]

Ancestors in the form of a list of InstrumentBase

The list starts with the current module then the parent and the parents parent until the root instrument is reached.

ask(cmd: str) str
ask_raw(cmd: str) str
call(func_name: str, *args: Any) Any

Shortcut for calling a function from its name.

Parameters:
  • func_name – The name of a function of this instrument.

  • *args – any arguments to the function.

Returns:

The return value of the function.

delegate_attr_dicts: ClassVar[list[str]] = ['parameters', 'functions', 'submodules']

A list of names (strings) of dictionaries which are (or will be) attributes of self, whose keys should be treated as attributes of self.

delegate_attr_objects: ClassVar[list[str]] = []

A list of names (strings) of objects which are (or will be) attributes of self, whose attributes should be passed through to self.

property full_name: str

Full name of the instrument.

For an InstrumentModule this includes all parents separated by _

get(param_name: str) Any

Shortcut for getting a parameter from its name.

Parameters:

param_name – The name of a parameter of this instrument.

Returns:

The current value of the parameter.

get_component(full_name: str) MetadatableWithName

Recursively get a component of the instrument by full_name.

Parameters:

name – The name of the component to get.

Returns:

The component with the given name.

Raises:

KeyError – If the component does not exist.

invalidate_cache() None

Invalidate the cache of all parameters on the instrument. Calling this method will recursively mark the cache of all parameters on the instrument and any parameter on instrument modules as invalid.

This is useful if you have performed manual operations (e.g. using the frontpanel) which changes the state of the instrument outside QCoDeS.

This in turn means that the next snapshot of the instrument will trigger a (potentially slow) reread of all parameters of the instrument if you pass update=None to snapshot.

property label: str

Nicely formatted label of the instrument.

load_metadata(metadata: Mapping[str, Any]) None

Load metadata into this classes metadata dictionary.

Parameters:

metadata – Metadata to load.

property name: str

Full name of the instrument

This is equivalent to full_name() for backwards compatibility.

property name_parts: list[str]

A list of all the parts of the instrument name from root_instrument() to the current InstrumentModule.

omit_delegate_attrs: ClassVar[list[str]] = []

A list of attribute names (strings) to not delegate to any other dictionary or object.

property parent: InstrumentBase

The parent instrument. By default, this is None. Any SubInstrument should subclass this to return the parent instrument.

print_readable_snapshot(update: bool = False, max_chars: int = 80) None

Prints a readable version of the snapshot. The readable snapshot includes the name, value and unit of each parameter. A convenience function to quickly get an overview of the status of an instrument.

Parameters:
  • update – If True, update the state by querying the instrument. If False, just use the latest values in memory. This argument gets passed to the snapshot function.

  • max_chars – the maximum number of characters per line. The readable snapshot will be cropped if this value is exceeded. Defaults to 80 to be consistent with default terminal width.

property root_instrument: InstrumentBase

The topmost parent of this module.

For the root_instrument this is self.

set(param_name: str, value: Any) None

Shortcut for setting a parameter from its name and new value.

Parameters:
  • param_name – The name of a parameter of this instrument.

  • value – The new value to set.

property short_name: str

Short name of the instrument.

For an InstrumentModule this does not include any parent names.

snapshot(update: bool | None = False) dict[str, Any]

Decorate a snapshot dictionary with metadata. DO NOT override this method if you want metadata in the snapshot instead, override snapshot_base().

Parameters:

update – Passed to snapshot_base.

Returns:

Base snapshot.

snapshot_base(update: bool | None = False, params_to_skip_update: Sequence[str] | None = None) dict[Any, Any]

State of the instrument as a JSON-compatible dict (everything that the custom JSON encoder class NumpyJSONEncoder supports).

Parameters:
  • update – If True, update the state by querying the instrument. If None update the state if known to be invalid. If False, just use the latest values in memory and never update state.

  • params_to_skip_update – List of parameter names that will be skipped in update even if update is True. This is useful if you have parameters that are slow to update but can be updated in a different way (as in the qdac). If you want to skip the update of certain parameters in all snapshots, use the snapshot_get attribute of those parameters instead.

Returns:

base snapshot

Return type:

dict

validate_status(verbose: bool = False) None

Validate the values of all gettable parameters

The validation is done for all parameters that have both a get and set method.

Parameters:

verbose – If True, then information about the parameters that are being check is printed.

write(cmd: str) None
write_raw(cmd: str) None
parameters: dict[str, ParameterBase] = {}

All the parameters supported by this instrument. Usually populated via add_parameter().

functions: dict[str, Function] = {}

All the functions supported by this instrument. Usually populated via add_function().

submodules: dict[str, InstrumentModule | ChannelTuple] = {}

All the submodules of this instrument such as channel lists or logical groupings of parameters. Usually populated via add_submodule().

instrument_modules: dict[str, InstrumentModule] = {}

All the InstrumentModule of this instrument Usually populated via add_submodule().

log: InstrumentLoggerAdapter = get_instrument_logger(self, __name__)
metadata: dict[str, Any] = {}
class qcodes.instrument_drivers.tektronix.TekronixDPOWaveform(parent: Instrument | InstrumentChannel, name: str, identifier: str)[source]

Bases: InstrumentChannel

This submodule retrieves data from waveform sources, e.g. channels.

Attributes:

valid_identifiers

ancestors

Ancestors in the form of a list of InstrumentBase

delegate_attr_dicts

A list of names (strings) of dictionaries which are (or will be) attributes of self, whose keys should be treated as attributes of self.

delegate_attr_objects

A list of names (strings) of objects which are (or will be) attributes of self, whose attributes should be passed through to self.

full_name

Full name of the instrument.

label

Nicely formatted label of the instrument.

name

Full name of the instrument

name_parts

A list of all the parts of the instrument name from root_instrument() to the current InstrumentModule.

omit_delegate_attrs

A list of attribute names (strings) to not delegate to any other dictionary or object.

parent

The parent instrument.

root_instrument

The topmost parent of this module.

short_name

Short name of the instrument.

parameters

All the parameters supported by this instrument.

functions

All the functions supported by this instrument.

submodules

All the submodules of this instrument such as channel lists or logical groupings of parameters.

instrument_modules

All the InstrumentModule of this instrument Usually populated via add_submodule().

Methods:

__getitem__(key)

Delegate instrument['name'] to parameter or function 'name'.

__getstate__()

Prevent pickling instruments, and give a nice error message.

__repr__()

Custom repr to give parent information

add_function(name, **kwargs)

Bind one Function to this instrument.

add_parameter(name[, parameter_class])

Bind one Parameter to this instrument.

add_submodule(name, submodule)

Bind one submodule to this instrument.

ask(cmd)

ask_raw(cmd)

call(func_name, *args)

Shortcut for calling a function from its name.

get(param_name)

Shortcut for getting a parameter from its name.

get_component(full_name)

Recursively get a component of the instrument by full_name.

invalidate_cache()

Invalidate the cache of all parameters on the instrument.

load_metadata(metadata)

Load metadata into this classes metadata dictionary.

print_readable_snapshot([update, max_chars])

Prints a readable version of the snapshot.

set(param_name, value)

Shortcut for setting a parameter from its name and new value.

snapshot([update])

Decorate a snapshot dictionary with metadata.

snapshot_base([update, params_to_skip_update])

State of the instrument as a JSON-compatible dict (everything that the custom JSON encoder class NumpyJSONEncoder supports).

validate_status([verbose])

Validate the values of all gettable parameters

write(cmd)

write_raw(cmd)

valid_identifiers: ClassVar[list[str]] = ['CH1', 'CH2', 'CH3', 'CH4', 'MATH1', 'MATH2', 'MATH3', 'MATH4', 'REF1', 'REF2', 'REF3', 'REF4']
__getitem__(key: str) Callable[[...], Any] | Parameter

Delegate instrument[‘name’] to parameter or function ‘name’.

__getstate__() None

Prevent pickling instruments, and give a nice error message.

__repr__() str

Custom repr to give parent information

add_function(name: str, **kwargs: Any) None

Bind one Function to this instrument.

Instrument subclasses can call this repeatedly in their __init__ for every real function of the instrument.

This functionality is meant for simple cases, principally things that map to simple commands like *RST (reset) or those with just a few arguments. It requires a fixed argument count, and positional args only.

Note

We do not recommend the usage of Function for any new driver. Function does not add any significant features over a method defined on the class.

Parameters:
  • name – How the Function will be stored within instrument.Functions and also how you address it using the shortcut methods: instrument.call(func_name, *args) etc.

  • **kwargs – constructor kwargs for Function

Raises:

KeyError – If this instrument already has a function with this name.

add_parameter(name: str, parameter_class: type[ParameterBase] | None = None, **kwargs: Any) None

Bind one Parameter to this instrument.

Instrument subclasses can call this repeatedly in their __init__ for every real parameter of the instrument.

In this sense, parameters are the state variables of the instrument, anything the user can set and/or get.

Parameters:
  • name – How the parameter will be stored within parameters and also how you address it using the shortcut methods: instrument.set(param_name, value) etc.

  • parameter_class – You can construct the parameter out of any class. Default parameters.Parameter.

  • **kwargs – Constructor arguments for parameter_class.

Raises:
  • KeyError – If this instrument already has a parameter with this name and the parameter being replaced is not an abstract parameter.

  • ValueError – If there is an existing abstract parameter and the unit of the new parameter is inconsistent with the existing one.

add_submodule(name: str, submodule: InstrumentModule | ChannelTuple) None

Bind one submodule to this instrument.

Instrument subclasses can call this repeatedly in their __init__ method for every submodule of the instrument.

Submodules can effectively be considered as instruments within the main instrument, and should at minimum be snapshottable. For example, they can be used to either store logical groupings of parameters, which may or may not be repeated, or channel lists. They should either be an instance of an InstrumentModule or a ChannelTuple.

Parameters:
  • name – How the submodule will be stored within instrument.submodules and also how it can be addressed.

  • submodule – The submodule to be stored.

Raises:
  • KeyError – If this instrument already contains a submodule with this name.

  • TypeError – If the submodule that we are trying to add is not an instance of an Metadatable object.

property ancestors: tuple[InstrumentBase, ...]

Ancestors in the form of a list of InstrumentBase

The list starts with the current module then the parent and the parents parent until the root instrument is reached.

ask(cmd: str) str
ask_raw(cmd: str) str
call(func_name: str, *args: Any) Any

Shortcut for calling a function from its name.

Parameters:
  • func_name – The name of a function of this instrument.

  • *args – any arguments to the function.

Returns:

The return value of the function.

delegate_attr_dicts: ClassVar[list[str]] = ['parameters', 'functions', 'submodules']

A list of names (strings) of dictionaries which are (or will be) attributes of self, whose keys should be treated as attributes of self.

delegate_attr_objects: ClassVar[list[str]] = []

A list of names (strings) of objects which are (or will be) attributes of self, whose attributes should be passed through to self.

property full_name: str

Full name of the instrument.

For an InstrumentModule this includes all parents separated by _

get(param_name: str) Any

Shortcut for getting a parameter from its name.

Parameters:

param_name – The name of a parameter of this instrument.

Returns:

The current value of the parameter.

get_component(full_name: str) MetadatableWithName

Recursively get a component of the instrument by full_name.

Parameters:

name – The name of the component to get.

Returns:

The component with the given name.

Raises:

KeyError – If the component does not exist.

invalidate_cache() None

Invalidate the cache of all parameters on the instrument. Calling this method will recursively mark the cache of all parameters on the instrument and any parameter on instrument modules as invalid.

This is useful if you have performed manual operations (e.g. using the frontpanel) which changes the state of the instrument outside QCoDeS.

This in turn means that the next snapshot of the instrument will trigger a (potentially slow) reread of all parameters of the instrument if you pass update=None to snapshot.

property label: str

Nicely formatted label of the instrument.

load_metadata(metadata: Mapping[str, Any]) None

Load metadata into this classes metadata dictionary.

Parameters:

metadata – Metadata to load.

property name: str

Full name of the instrument

This is equivalent to full_name() for backwards compatibility.

property name_parts: list[str]

A list of all the parts of the instrument name from root_instrument() to the current InstrumentModule.

omit_delegate_attrs: ClassVar[list[str]] = []

A list of attribute names (strings) to not delegate to any other dictionary or object.

property parent: InstrumentBase

The parent instrument. By default, this is None. Any SubInstrument should subclass this to return the parent instrument.

print_readable_snapshot(update: bool = False, max_chars: int = 80) None

Prints a readable version of the snapshot. The readable snapshot includes the name, value and unit of each parameter. A convenience function to quickly get an overview of the status of an instrument.

Parameters:
  • update – If True, update the state by querying the instrument. If False, just use the latest values in memory. This argument gets passed to the snapshot function.

  • max_chars – the maximum number of characters per line. The readable snapshot will be cropped if this value is exceeded. Defaults to 80 to be consistent with default terminal width.

property root_instrument: InstrumentBase

The topmost parent of this module.

For the root_instrument this is self.

set(param_name: str, value: Any) None

Shortcut for setting a parameter from its name and new value.

Parameters:
  • param_name – The name of a parameter of this instrument.

  • value – The new value to set.

property short_name: str

Short name of the instrument.

For an InstrumentModule this does not include any parent names.

snapshot(update: bool | None = False) dict[str, Any]

Decorate a snapshot dictionary with metadata. DO NOT override this method if you want metadata in the snapshot instead, override snapshot_base().

Parameters:

update – Passed to snapshot_base.

Returns:

Base snapshot.

snapshot_base(update: bool | None = False, params_to_skip_update: Sequence[str] | None = None) dict[Any, Any]

State of the instrument as a JSON-compatible dict (everything that the custom JSON encoder class NumpyJSONEncoder supports).

Parameters:
  • update – If True, update the state by querying the instrument. If None update the state if known to be invalid. If False, just use the latest values in memory and never update state.

  • params_to_skip_update – List of parameter names that will be skipped in update even if update is True. This is useful if you have parameters that are slow to update but can be updated in a different way (as in the qdac). If you want to skip the update of certain parameters in all snapshots, use the snapshot_get attribute of those parameters instead.

Returns:

base snapshot

Return type:

dict

validate_status(verbose: bool = False) None

Validate the values of all gettable parameters

The validation is done for all parameters that have both a get and set method.

Parameters:

verbose – If True, then information about the parameters that are being check is printed.

write(cmd: str) None
write_raw(cmd: str) None
parameters: dict[str, ParameterBase] = {}

All the parameters supported by this instrument. Usually populated via add_parameter().

functions: dict[str, Function] = {}

All the functions supported by this instrument. Usually populated via add_function().

submodules: dict[str, InstrumentModule | ChannelTuple] = {}

All the submodules of this instrument such as channel lists or logical groupings of parameters. Usually populated via add_submodule().

instrument_modules: dict[str, InstrumentModule] = {}

All the InstrumentModule of this instrument Usually populated via add_submodule().

log: InstrumentLoggerAdapter = get_instrument_logger(self, __name__)
metadata: dict[str, Any] = {}
class qcodes.instrument_drivers.tektronix.Tektronix70000AWGChannel(parent: Instrument, name: str, channel: int)[source]

Bases: InstrumentChannel

Class to hold a channel of the AWG.

Parameters:
  • parent – The Instrument instance to which the channel is to be attached.

  • name – The name used in the DataSet

  • channel – The channel number, either 1 or 2.

Methods:

setWaveform(name)

Select a waveform from the waveform list to output on this channel

setSequenceTrack(seqname, tracknr)

Assign a track from a sequence to this channel.

__getitem__(key)

Delegate instrument['name'] to parameter or function 'name'.

__getstate__()

Prevent pickling instruments, and give a nice error message.

__repr__()

Custom repr to give parent information

add_function(name, **kwargs)

Bind one Function to this instrument.

add_parameter(name[, parameter_class])

Bind one Parameter to this instrument.

add_submodule(name, submodule)

Bind one submodule to this instrument.

ask(cmd)

ask_raw(cmd)

call(func_name, *args)

Shortcut for calling a function from its name.

get(param_name)

Shortcut for getting a parameter from its name.

get_component(full_name)

Recursively get a component of the instrument by full_name.

invalidate_cache()

Invalidate the cache of all parameters on the instrument.

load_metadata(metadata)

Load metadata into this classes metadata dictionary.

print_readable_snapshot([update, max_chars])

Prints a readable version of the snapshot.

set(param_name, value)

Shortcut for setting a parameter from its name and new value.

snapshot([update])

Decorate a snapshot dictionary with metadata.

snapshot_base([update, params_to_skip_update])

State of the instrument as a JSON-compatible dict (everything that the custom JSON encoder class NumpyJSONEncoder supports).

validate_status([verbose])

Validate the values of all gettable parameters

write(cmd)

write_raw(cmd)

Attributes:

ancestors

Ancestors in the form of a list of InstrumentBase

delegate_attr_dicts

A list of names (strings) of dictionaries which are (or will be) attributes of self, whose keys should be treated as attributes of self.

delegate_attr_objects

A list of names (strings) of objects which are (or will be) attributes of self, whose attributes should be passed through to self.

full_name

Full name of the instrument.

label

Nicely formatted label of the instrument.

name

Full name of the instrument

name_parts

A list of all the parts of the instrument name from root_instrument() to the current InstrumentModule.

omit_delegate_attrs

A list of attribute names (strings) to not delegate to any other dictionary or object.

parent

The parent instrument.

root_instrument

The topmost parent of this module.

short_name

Short name of the instrument.

parameters

All the parameters supported by this instrument.

functions

All the functions supported by this instrument.

submodules

All the submodules of this instrument such as channel lists or logical groupings of parameters.

instrument_modules

All the InstrumentModule of this instrument Usually populated via add_submodule().

setWaveform(name: str) None[source]

Select a waveform from the waveform list to output on this channel

Parameters:

name – The name of the waveform

setSequenceTrack(seqname: str, tracknr: int) None[source]

Assign a track from a sequence to this channel.

Parameters:
  • seqname – Name of the sequence in the sequence list

  • tracknr – Which track to use (1 or 2)

__getitem__(key: str) Callable[[...], Any] | Parameter

Delegate instrument[‘name’] to parameter or function ‘name’.

__getstate__() None

Prevent pickling instruments, and give a nice error message.

__repr__() str

Custom repr to give parent information

add_function(name: str, **kwargs: Any) None

Bind one Function to this instrument.

Instrument subclasses can call this repeatedly in their __init__ for every real function of the instrument.

This functionality is meant for simple cases, principally things that map to simple commands like *RST (reset) or those with just a few arguments. It requires a fixed argument count, and positional args only.

Note

We do not recommend the usage of Function for any new driver. Function does not add any significant features over a method defined on the class.

Parameters:
  • name – How the Function will be stored within instrument.Functions and also how you address it using the shortcut methods: instrument.call(func_name, *args) etc.

  • **kwargs – constructor kwargs for Function

Raises:

KeyError – If this instrument already has a function with this name.

add_parameter(name: str, parameter_class: type[ParameterBase] | None = None, **kwargs: Any) None

Bind one Parameter to this instrument.

Instrument subclasses can call this repeatedly in their __init__ for every real parameter of the instrument.

In this sense, parameters are the state variables of the instrument, anything the user can set and/or get.

Parameters:
  • name – How the parameter will be stored within parameters and also how you address it using the shortcut methods: instrument.set(param_name, value) etc.

  • parameter_class – You can construct the parameter out of any class. Default parameters.Parameter.

  • **kwargs – Constructor arguments for parameter_class.

Raises:
  • KeyError – If this instrument already has a parameter with this name and the parameter being replaced is not an abstract parameter.

  • ValueError – If there is an existing abstract parameter and the unit of the new parameter is inconsistent with the existing one.

add_submodule(name: str, submodule: InstrumentModule | ChannelTuple) None

Bind one submodule to this instrument.

Instrument subclasses can call this repeatedly in their __init__ method for every submodule of the instrument.

Submodules can effectively be considered as instruments within the main instrument, and should at minimum be snapshottable. For example, they can be used to either store logical groupings of parameters, which may or may not be repeated, or channel lists. They should either be an instance of an InstrumentModule or a ChannelTuple.

Parameters:
  • name – How the submodule will be stored within instrument.submodules and also how it can be addressed.

  • submodule – The submodule to be stored.

Raises:
  • KeyError – If this instrument already contains a submodule with this name.

  • TypeError – If the submodule that we are trying to add is not an instance of an Metadatable object.

property ancestors: tuple[InstrumentBase, ...]

Ancestors in the form of a list of InstrumentBase

The list starts with the current module then the parent and the parents parent until the root instrument is reached.

ask(cmd: str) str
ask_raw(cmd: str) str
call(func_name: str, *args: Any) Any

Shortcut for calling a function from its name.

Parameters:
  • func_name – The name of a function of this instrument.

  • *args – any arguments to the function.

Returns:

The return value of the function.

delegate_attr_dicts: ClassVar[list[str]] = ['parameters', 'functions', 'submodules']

A list of names (strings) of dictionaries which are (or will be) attributes of self, whose keys should be treated as attributes of self.

delegate_attr_objects: ClassVar[list[str]] = []

A list of names (strings) of objects which are (or will be) attributes of self, whose attributes should be passed through to self.

property full_name: str

Full name of the instrument.

For an InstrumentModule this includes all parents separated by _

get(param_name: str) Any

Shortcut for getting a parameter from its name.

Parameters:

param_name – The name of a parameter of this instrument.

Returns:

The current value of the parameter.

get_component(full_name: str) MetadatableWithName

Recursively get a component of the instrument by full_name.

Parameters:

name – The name of the component to get.

Returns:

The component with the given name.

Raises:

KeyError – If the component does not exist.

invalidate_cache() None

Invalidate the cache of all parameters on the instrument. Calling this method will recursively mark the cache of all parameters on the instrument and any parameter on instrument modules as invalid.

This is useful if you have performed manual operations (e.g. using the frontpanel) which changes the state of the instrument outside QCoDeS.

This in turn means that the next snapshot of the instrument will trigger a (potentially slow) reread of all parameters of the instrument if you pass update=None to snapshot.

property label: str

Nicely formatted label of the instrument.

load_metadata(metadata: Mapping[str, Any]) None

Load metadata into this classes metadata dictionary.

Parameters:

metadata – Metadata to load.

property name: str

Full name of the instrument

This is equivalent to full_name() for backwards compatibility.

property name_parts: list[str]

A list of all the parts of the instrument name from root_instrument() to the current InstrumentModule.

omit_delegate_attrs: ClassVar[list[str]] = []

A list of attribute names (strings) to not delegate to any other dictionary or object.

property parent: InstrumentBase

The parent instrument. By default, this is None. Any SubInstrument should subclass this to return the parent instrument.

print_readable_snapshot(update: bool = False, max_chars: int = 80) None

Prints a readable version of the snapshot. The readable snapshot includes the name, value and unit of each parameter. A convenience function to quickly get an overview of the status of an instrument.

Parameters:
  • update – If True, update the state by querying the instrument. If False, just use the latest values in memory. This argument gets passed to the snapshot function.

  • max_chars – the maximum number of characters per line. The readable snapshot will be cropped if this value is exceeded. Defaults to 80 to be consistent with default terminal width.

property root_instrument: InstrumentBase

The topmost parent of this module.

For the root_instrument this is self.

set(param_name: str, value: Any) None

Shortcut for setting a parameter from its name and new value.

Parameters:
  • param_name – The name of a parameter of this instrument.

  • value – The new value to set.

property short_name: str

Short name of the instrument.

For an InstrumentModule this does not include any parent names.

snapshot(update: bool | None = False) dict[str, Any]

Decorate a snapshot dictionary with metadata. DO NOT override this method if you want metadata in the snapshot instead, override snapshot_base().

Parameters:

update – Passed to snapshot_base.

Returns:

Base snapshot.

snapshot_base(update: bool | None = False, params_to_skip_update: Sequence[str] | None = None) dict[Any, Any]

State of the instrument as a JSON-compatible dict (everything that the custom JSON encoder class NumpyJSONEncoder supports).

Parameters:
  • update – If True, update the state by querying the instrument. If None update the state if known to be invalid. If False, just use the latest values in memory and never update state.

  • params_to_skip_update – List of parameter names that will be skipped in update even if update is True. This is useful if you have parameters that are slow to update but can be updated in a different way (as in the qdac). If you want to skip the update of certain parameters in all snapshots, use the snapshot_get attribute of those parameters instead.

Returns:

base snapshot

Return type:

dict

validate_status(verbose: bool = False) None

Validate the values of all gettable parameters

The validation is done for all parameters that have both a get and set method.

Parameters:

verbose – If True, then information about the parameters that are being check is printed.

write(cmd: str) None
write_raw(cmd: str) None
parameters: dict[str, ParameterBase] = {}

All the parameters supported by this instrument. Usually populated via add_parameter().

functions: dict[str, Function] = {}

All the functions supported by this instrument. Usually populated via add_function().

submodules: dict[str, InstrumentModule | ChannelTuple] = {}

All the submodules of this instrument such as channel lists or logical groupings of parameters. Usually populated via add_submodule().

instrument_modules: dict[str, InstrumentModule] = {}

All the InstrumentModule of this instrument Usually populated via add_submodule().

log: InstrumentLoggerAdapter = get_instrument_logger(self, __name__)
metadata: dict[str, Any] = {}
class qcodes.instrument_drivers.tektronix.TektronixAWG5014(name: str, address: str, timeout: int = 180, num_channels: int = 4, **kwargs: Any)[source]

Bases: VisaInstrument

This is the QCoDeS driver for the Tektronix AWG5014 Arbitrary Waveform Generator.

The driver makes some assumptions on the settings of the instrument:

  • The output channels are always in Amplitude/Offset mode

  • The output markers are always in High/Low mode

Todo

  • Implement support for cable transfer function compensation

  • Implement more instrument functionality in the driver

  • Remove double functionality

  • Remove inconsistensies between the name of a parameter and the name of the same variable in the tektronix manual

In the future, we should consider the following:

  • Removing test_send??

  • That sequence element (SQEL) parameter functions exist but no corresponding parameters.

Initializes the AWG5014.

Parameters:
  • name – name of the instrument

  • address – GPIB or ethernet address as used by VISA

  • timeout – visa timeout, in secs. long default (180) to accommodate large waveforms

  • num_channels – number of channels on the device

Attributes:

AWG_FILE_FORMAT_HEAD

AWG_FILE_FORMAT_CHANNEL

ancestors

Ancestors in the form of a list of InstrumentBase

delegate_attr_dicts

A list of names (strings) of dictionaries which are (or will be) attributes of self, whose keys should be treated as attributes of self.

delegate_attr_objects

A list of names (strings) of objects which are (or will be) attributes of self, whose attributes should be passed through to self.

full_name

Full name of the instrument.

label

Nicely formatted label of the instrument.

name

Full name of the instrument

name_parts

A list of all the parts of the instrument name from root_instrument() to the current InstrumentModule.

omit_delegate_attrs

A list of attribute names (strings) to not delegate to any other dictionary or object.

parent

The parent instrument.

root_instrument

The topmost parent of this module.

short_name

Short name of the instrument.

visa_handle

The VISA resource used by this instrument.

resource_manager

The VISA resource manager used by this instrument.

parameters

All the parameters supported by this instrument.

functions

All the functions supported by this instrument.

submodules

All the submodules of this instrument such as channel lists or logical groupings of parameters.

instrument_modules

All the InstrumentModule of this instrument Usually populated via add_submodule().

Methods:

newlinestripper(string)

get_state()

This query returns the run state of the arbitrary waveform generator or the sequencer.

start()

Convenience function, identical to self.run()

run()

This command initiates the output of a waveform or a sequence.

stop()

This command stops the output of a waveform or a sequence.

force_trigger()

This command generates a trigger event.

get_folder_contents([print_contents])

This query returns the current contents and state of the mass storage media (on the AWG Windows machine).

get_current_folder_name()

This query returns the current directory of the file system on the arbitrary waveform generator.

set_current_folder_name(file_path)

Set the current directory of the file system on the arbitrary waveform generator.

change_folder(folder)

Duplicate of self.set_current_folder_name

goto_root()

Set the current directory of the file system on the arbitrary waveform generator to C: (the 'root' location in Windows).

create_and_goto_dir(folder)

Set the current directory of the file system on the arbitrary waveform generator.

all_channels_on()

Set the state of all channels to be ON.

all_channels_off()

Set the state of all channels to be OFF.

force_trigger_event()

This command generates a trigger event.

force_event()

This command generates a forced event.

set_sqel_event_target_index(element_no, index)

This command sets the target index for the sequencer’s event jump operation.

set_sqel_goto_target_index(element_no, ...)

This command sets the target index for the GOTO command of the sequencer.

set_sqel_goto_state(element_no, goto_state)

This command sets the GOTO state of the sequencer for the specified sequence element.

set_sqel_loopcnt_to_inf(element_no[, state])

This command sets the infinite looping state for a sequence element.

get_sqel_loopcnt([element_no])

This query returns the loop count (number of repetitions) of a sequence element.

set_sqel_loopcnt(loopcount[, element_no])

This command sets the loop count.

set_sqel_waveform(waveform_name, channel[, ...])

This command sets the waveform for a sequence element on the specified channel.

get_sqel_waveform(channel[, element_no])

This query returns the waveform for a sequence element on the specified channel.

set_sqel_trigger_wait(element_no[, state])

This command sets the wait trigger state for an element.

get_sqel_trigger_wait(element_no)

This query returns the wait trigger state for an element.

set_sqel_event_jump_target_index(element_no, ...)

Duplicate of set_sqel_event_target_index

set_sqel_event_jump_type(element_no, jtar_state)

This command sets the event jump target type for the jump for the specified sequence element.

get_sq_mode()

This query returns the type of the arbitrary waveform generator's sequencer.

generate_sequence_cfg()

This function is used to generate a config file, that is used when generating sequence files, from existing settings in the awg.

generate_channel_cfg()

Function to query if the current channel settings that have been changed from their default value and put them in a dictionary that can easily be written into an awg file, so as to prevent said awg file from falling back to default values.

parse_marker_channel_name(name)

returns from the channel index and marker index from a marker descriptor string e.g. '1M1'->(1,1).

send_awg_file(filename, awg_file[, verbose])

Writes an .awg-file onto the disk of the AWG.

load_awg_file(filename)

Loads an .awg-file from the disc of the AWG into the AWG memory.

make_awg_file(waveforms, m1s, m2s, nreps, ...)

param waveforms:

A list of the waveforms to be packed. The list

make_send_and_load_awg_file(waveforms, m1s, ...)

Makes an .awg-file, sends it to the AWG and loads it.

make_and_save_awg_file(waveforms, m1s, m2s, ...)

Makes an .awg-file and saves it locally.

get_error()

This function retrieves and returns data from the error and event queues.

delete_all_waveforms_from_list()

Delete all user-defined waveforms in the list in a single action.

get_filenames()

Duplicate of self.get_folder_contents

send_DC_pulse(DC_channel_number, set_level, ...)

Sets the DC level on the specified channel, waits a while and then resets it to what it was before.

is_awg_ready()

Assert if the AWG is ready.

send_waveform_to_list(w, m1, m2, wfmname)

Send a single complete waveform directly to the "User defined" waveform list (prepend it).

clear_message_queue([verbose])

Function to clear up (flush) the VISA message queue of the AWG instrument.

__del__()

Close the instrument and remove its instance record.

__getitem__(key)

Delegate instrument['name'] to parameter or function 'name'.

__getstate__()

Prevent pickling instruments, and give a nice error message.

__repr__()

Simplified repr giving just the class and name.

add_function(name, **kwargs)

Bind one Function to this instrument.

add_parameter(name[, parameter_class])

Bind one Parameter to this instrument.

add_submodule(name, submodule)

Bind one submodule to this instrument.

ask(cmd)

Write a command string to the hardware and return a response.

ask_raw(cmd)

Low-level interface to visa_handle.ask.

call(func_name, *args)

Shortcut for calling a function from its name.

close()

Disconnect and irreversibly tear down the instrument.

close_all()

Try to close all instruments registered in _all_instruments This is handy for use with atexit to ensure that all instruments are closed when a python session is closed.

connect_message([idn_param, begin_time])

Print a standard message on initial connection to an instrument.

device_clear()

Clear the buffers of the device

exist(name[, instrument_class])

Check if an instrument with a given names exists (i.e. is already instantiated).

find_instrument(name[, instrument_class])

Find an existing instrument by name.

get(param_name)

Shortcut for getting a parameter from its name.

get_component(full_name)

Recursively get a component of the instrument by full_name.

get_idn()

Parse a standard VISA *IDN? response into an ID dict.

instances()

Get all currently defined instances of this instrument class.

invalidate_cache()

Invalidate the cache of all parameters on the instrument.

is_valid(instr_instance)

Check if a given instance of an instrument is valid: if an instrument has been closed, its instance is not longer a "valid" instrument.

load_metadata(metadata)

Load metadata into this classes metadata dictionary.

print_readable_snapshot([update, max_chars])

Prints a readable version of the snapshot.

record_instance(instance)

Record (a weak ref to) an instance in a class's instance list.

remove_instance(instance)

Remove a particular instance from the record.

set(param_name, value)

Shortcut for setting a parameter from its name and new value.

set_address(address)

Set the address for this instrument.

set_terminator(terminator)

Change the read terminator to use.

snapshot([update])

Decorate a snapshot dictionary with metadata.

snapshot_base([update, params_to_skip_update])

State of the instrument as a JSON-compatible dict (everything that the custom JSON encoder class NumpyJSONEncoder supports).

validate_status([verbose])

Validate the values of all gettable parameters

write(cmd)

Write a command string with NO response to the hardware.

write_raw(cmd)

Low-level interface to visa_handle.write.

AWG_FILE_FORMAT_HEAD: ClassVar[dict[str, str]] = {'CLOCK_SOURCE': 'h', 'COUPLING': 'h', 'DIVIDER_RATE': 'h', 'EVENT_INPUT_IMPEDANCE': 'h', 'EVENT_INPUT_POLARITY': 'h', 'EVENT_INPUT_THRESHOLD': 'd', 'EXTERNAL_REFERENCE_TYPE': 'h', 'HOLD_REPETITION_RATE': 'h', 'INTERLEAVE': 'h', 'INTERLEAVE_ADJ_AMPLITUDE': 'd', 'INTERLEAVE_ADJ_PHASE': 'd', 'INTERNAL_TRIGGER_RATE': 'd', 'JUMP_TIMING': 'h', 'REFERENCE_CLOCK_FREQUENCY_SELECTION': 'h', 'REFERENCE_MULTIPLIER_RATE': 'h', 'REFERENCE_SOURCE': 'h', 'REPETITION_RATE': 'd', 'RUN_MODE': 'h', 'RUN_STATE': 'h', 'SAMPLING_RATE': 'd', 'TRIGGER_INPUT_IMPEDANCE': 'h', 'TRIGGER_INPUT_POLARITY': 'h', 'TRIGGER_INPUT_SLOPE': 'h', 'TRIGGER_INPUT_THRESHOLD': 'd', 'TRIGGER_SOURCE': 'h', 'WAIT_VALUE': 'h', 'ZEROING': 'h'}
AWG_FILE_FORMAT_CHANNEL: ClassVar[dict[str, str]] = {'ANALOG_AMPLITUDE_N': 'd', 'ANALOG_DIRECT_OUTPUT_N': 'h', 'ANALOG_FILTER_N': 'h', 'ANALOG_HIGH_N': 'd', 'ANALOG_LOW_N': 'd', 'ANALOG_METHOD_N': 'h', 'ANALOG_OFFSET_N': 'd', 'CHANNEL_SKEW_N': 'd', 'CHANNEL_STATE_N': 'h', 'DC_OUTPUT_LEVEL_N': 'd', 'DELAY_IN_POINTS_N': 'd', 'DELAY_IN_TIME_N': 'd', 'DIGITAL_AMPLITUDE_N': 'd', 'DIGITAL_HIGH_N': 'd', 'DIGITAL_LOW_N': 'd', 'DIGITAL_METHOD_N': 'h', 'DIGITAL_OFFSET_N': 'd', 'EXTERNAL_ADD_N': 'h', 'MARKER1_AMPLITUDE_N': 'd', 'MARKER1_HIGH_N': 'd', 'MARKER1_LOW_N': 'd', 'MARKER1_METHOD_N': 'h', 'MARKER1_OFFSET_N': 'd', 'MARKER1_SKEW_N': 'd', 'MARKER2_AMPLITUDE_N': 'd', 'MARKER2_HIGH_N': 'd', 'MARKER2_LOW_N': 'd', 'MARKER2_METHOD_N': 'h', 'MARKER2_OFFSET_N': 'd', 'MARKER2_SKEW_N': 'd', 'OUTPUT_WAVEFORM_NAME_N': 's', 'PHASE_DELAY_INPUT_METHOD_N': 'h', 'PHASE_N': 'd'}
newlinestripper(string: str) str[source]
get_state() Literal['Idle', 'Waiting for trigger', 'Running'][source]

This query returns the run state of the arbitrary waveform generator or the sequencer.

Returns:

Either ‘Idle’, ‘Waiting for trigger’, or ‘Running’.

Raises:

ValueError – if none of the three states above apply.

start() str[source]

Convenience function, identical to self.run()

run() str[source]

This command initiates the output of a waveform or a sequence. This is equivalent to pressing Run/Stop button on the front panel. The instrument can be put in the run state only when output waveforms are assigned to channels.

Returns:

The output of self.get_state()

stop() None[source]

This command stops the output of a waveform or a sequence.

force_trigger() None[source]

This command generates a trigger event. This is equivalent to pressing the Force Trigger button on front panel.

get_folder_contents(print_contents: bool = True) str[source]

This query returns the current contents and state of the mass storage media (on the AWG Windows machine).

Parameters:

print_contents – If True, the folder name and the query output are printed. Default: True.

Returns:

A comma-seperated string of the folder contents.

Return type:

str

get_current_folder_name() str[source]

This query returns the current directory of the file system on the arbitrary waveform generator. The current directory for the programmatic interface is different from the currently selected directory in the Windows Explorer on the instrument.

Returns:

A string with the full path of the current folder.

set_current_folder_name(file_path: str) int[source]

Set the current directory of the file system on the arbitrary waveform generator. The current directory for the programmatic interface is different from the currently selected directory in the Windows Explorer on the instrument.

Parameters:

file_path – The full path.

Returns:

The number of bytes written to instrument

change_folder(folder: str) int[source]

Duplicate of self.set_current_folder_name

goto_root() None[source]

Set the current directory of the file system on the arbitrary waveform generator to C: (the ‘root’ location in Windows).

create_and_goto_dir(folder: str) str[source]

Set the current directory of the file system on the arbitrary waveform generator. Creates the directory if if doesn’t exist. Queries the resulting folder for its contents.

Parameters:

folder – The path of the directory to set as current. Note: this function expects only root level directories.

Returns:

A comma-seperated string of the folder contents.

all_channels_on() None[source]

Set the state of all channels to be ON. Note: only channels with defined waveforms can be ON.

all_channels_off() None[source]

Set the state of all channels to be OFF.

force_trigger_event() None[source]

This command generates a trigger event. Equivalent to self.force_trigger.

force_event() None[source]

This command generates a forced event. This is used to generate the event when the sequence is waiting for an event jump. This is equivalent to pressing the Force Event button on the front panel of the instrument.

set_sqel_event_target_index(element_no: int, index: int) None[source]

This command sets the target index for the sequencer’s event jump operation. Note that this will take effect only when the event jump target type is set to INDEX.

Parameters:
  • element_no – The sequence element number

  • index – The index to set the target to

set_sqel_goto_target_index(element_no: int, goto_to_index_no: int) None[source]

This command sets the target index for the GOTO command of the sequencer. After generating the waveform specified in a sequence element, the sequencer jumps to the element specified as GOTO target. This is an unconditional jump. If GOTO target is not specified, the sequencer simply moves on to the next element. If the Loop Count is Infinite, the GOTO target which is specified in the element is not used. For this command to work, the goto state of the squencer must be ON and the sequence element must exist. Note that the first element of a sequence is taken to be 1 not 0.

Parameters:
  • element_no – The sequence element number

  • goto_to_index_no – The target index number

set_sqel_goto_state(element_no: int, goto_state: int) None[source]

This command sets the GOTO state of the sequencer for the specified sequence element.

Parameters:
  • element_no – The sequence element number

  • goto_state – The GOTO state of the sequencer. Must be either 0 (OFF) or 1 (ON).

set_sqel_loopcnt_to_inf(element_no: int, state: int = 1) None[source]

This command sets the infinite looping state for a sequence element. When an infinite loop is set on an element, the sequencer continuously executes that element. To break the infinite loop, issue self.stop()

Parameters:
  • element_no (int) – The sequence element number

  • state (int) – The infinite loop state. Must be either 0 (OFF) or 1 (ON).

get_sqel_loopcnt(element_no: int = 1) str[source]

This query returns the loop count (number of repetitions) of a sequence element. Loop count setting for an element is ignored if the infinite looping state is set to ON.

Parameters:

element_no – The sequence element number. Default: 1.

set_sqel_loopcnt(loopcount: int, element_no: int = 1) None[source]

This command sets the loop count. Loop count setting for an element is ignored if the infinite looping state is set to ON.

Parameters:
  • loopcount – The number of times the sequence is being output. The maximal possible number is 65536, beyond that: infinity.

  • element_no – The sequence element number. Default: 1.

set_sqel_waveform(waveform_name: str, channel: int, element_no: int = 1) None[source]

This command sets the waveform for a sequence element on the specified channel.

Parameters:
  • waveform_name – Name of the waveform. Must be in the waveform list (either User Defined or Predefined).

  • channel – The output channel (1-4)

  • element_no – The sequence element number. Default: 1.

get_sqel_waveform(channel: int, element_no: int = 1) str[source]

This query returns the waveform for a sequence element on the specified channel.

Parameters:
  • channel – The output channel (1-4)

  • element_no – The sequence element number. Default: 1.

Returns:

The name of the waveform.

set_sqel_trigger_wait(element_no: int, state: int = 1) str[source]

This command sets the wait trigger state for an element. Send a trigger signal in one of the following ways:

  • By using an external trigger signal.

  • By pressing the “Force Trigger” button on the front panel

  • By using self.force_trigger or self.force_trigger_event

Parameters:
  • element_no – The sequence element number.

  • state – The wait trigger state. Must be either 0 (OFF) or 1 (ON). Default: 1.

Returns:

The current state (after setting it).

get_sqel_trigger_wait(element_no: int) str[source]

This query returns the wait trigger state for an element. Send a trigger signal in one of the following ways:

  • By using an external trigger signal.

  • By pressing the “Force Trigger” button on the front panel

  • By using self.force_trigger or self.force_trigger_event

Parameters:

element_no – The sequence element number.

Returns:

‘1’.

Return type:

The current state. Example

set_sqel_event_jump_target_index(element_no: int, jtar_index_no: int) None[source]

Duplicate of set_sqel_event_target_index

set_sqel_event_jump_type(element_no: int, jtar_state: str) None[source]

This command sets the event jump target type for the jump for the specified sequence element. Generate an event in one of the following ways:

  • By connecting an external cable to instrument rear panel for external event.

  • By pressing the Force Event button on the front panel.

  • By using self.force_event

Parameters:
  • element_no – The sequence element number

  • jtar_state – The jump target type. Must be either ‘INDEX’, ‘NEXT’, or ‘OFF’.

get_sq_mode() str[source]

This query returns the type of the arbitrary waveform generator’s sequencer. The sequence is executed by the hardware sequencer whenever possible.

Returns:

Either ‘HARD’ or ‘SOFT’ indicating that the instrument is in either hardware or software sequencer mode.

Return type:

str

generate_sequence_cfg() dict[str, float][source]

This function is used to generate a config file, that is used when generating sequence files, from existing settings in the awg. Querying the AWG for these settings takes ~0.7 seconds

generate_channel_cfg() dict[str, float | None][source]

Function to query if the current channel settings that have been changed from their default value and put them in a dictionary that can easily be written into an awg file, so as to prevent said awg file from falling back to default values. (See make_awg_file() and AWG_FILE_FORMAT_CHANNEL()) NOTE: This only works for settings changed via the corresponding QCoDeS parameter.

Returns:

A dict with the current setting for each entry in AWG_FILE_FORMAT_HEAD iff this entry applies to the AWG5014 AND has been changed from its default value.

static parse_marker_channel_name(name: str) _MarkerDescriptor[source]

returns from the channel index and marker index from a marker descriptor string e.g. ‘1M1’->(1,1)

send_awg_file(filename: str, awg_file: bytes, verbose: bool = False) None[source]

Writes an .awg-file onto the disk of the AWG. Overwrites existing files.

Parameters:
  • filename – The name that the file will get on the AWG.

  • awg_file – A byte sequence containing the awg_file. Usually the output of self.make_awg_file.

  • verbose – A boolean to allow/suppress printing of messages about the status of the filw writing. Default: False.

load_awg_file(filename: str) None[source]

Loads an .awg-file from the disc of the AWG into the AWG memory. This may overwrite all instrument settings, the waveform list, and the sequence in the sequencer.

Parameters:

filename – The filename of the .awg-file to load.

make_awg_file(waveforms: Sequence[Sequence[ndarray]] | Sequence[ndarray], m1s: Sequence[Sequence[ndarray]] | Sequence[ndarray], m2s: Sequence[Sequence[ndarray]] | Sequence[ndarray], nreps: Sequence[int], trig_waits: Sequence[int], goto_states: Sequence[int], jump_tos: Sequence[int], channels: Sequence[int] | None = None, preservechannelsettings: bool = True) bytes[source]
Parameters:
  • waveforms – A list of the waveforms to be packed. The list should be filled like so: [[wfm1ch1, wfm2ch1, …], [wfm1ch2, wfm2ch2], …] Each waveform should be a numpy array with values in the range -1 to 1 (inclusive). If you do not wish to send waveforms to channels 1 and 2, use the channels parameter.

  • m1s – A list of marker 1’s. The list should be filled like so: [[elem1m1ch1, elem2m1ch1, …], [elem1m1ch2, elem2m1ch2], …] Each marker should be a numpy array containing only 0’s and 1’s

  • m2s – A list of marker 2’s. The list should be filled like so: [[elem1m2ch1, elem2m2ch1, …], [elem1m2ch2, elem2m2ch2], …] Each marker should be a numpy array containing only 0’s and 1’s

  • nreps – List of integers specifying the no. of repetitions per sequence element. Allowed values: 0 to 65536. O corresponds to Infinite repetitions.

  • trig_waits – List of len(segments) of integers specifying the trigger wait state of each sequence element. Allowed values: 0 (OFF) or 1 (ON).

  • goto_states – List of len(segments) of integers specifying the goto state of each sequence element. Allowed values: 0 to 65536 (0 means next)

  • jump_tos – List of len(segments) of integers specifying the logic jump state for each sequence element. Allowed values: 0 (OFF) or 1 (ON).

  • channels (list) – List of channels to send the waveforms to. Example: [1, 3, 2]

  • preservechannelsettings (bool) – If True, the current channel settings are found from the parameter history and added to the .awg file. Else, channel settings are not written in the file and will be reset to factory default when the file is loaded. Default: True.

make_send_and_load_awg_file(waveforms: Sequence[Sequence[ndarray]], m1s: Sequence[Sequence[ndarray]], m2s: Sequence[Sequence[ndarray]], nreps: Sequence[int], trig_waits: Sequence[int], goto_states: Sequence[int], jump_tos: Sequence[int], channels: Sequence[int] | None = None, filename: str = 'customawgfile.awg', preservechannelsettings: bool = True) None[source]

Makes an .awg-file, sends it to the AWG and loads it. The .awg-file is uploaded to C:\Users\OEM\Documents. The waveforms appear in the user defined waveform list with names wfm001ch1, wfm002ch1, …

Parameters:
  • waveforms – A list of the waveforms to upload. The list should be filled like so: [[wfm1ch1, wfm2ch1, …], [wfm1ch2, wfm2ch2], …] Each waveform should be a numpy array with values in the range -1 to 1 (inclusive). If you do not wish to send waveforms to channels 1 and 2, use the channels parameter.

  • m1s – A list of marker 1’s. The list should be filled like so: [[elem1m1ch1, elem2m1ch1, …], [elem1m1ch2, elem2m1ch2], …] Each marker should be a numpy array containing only 0’s and 1’s

  • m2s – A list of marker 2’s. The list should be filled like so: [[elem1m2ch1, elem2m2ch1, …], [elem1m2ch2, elem2m2ch2], …] Each marker should be a numpy array containing only 0’s and 1’s

  • nreps – List of integers specifying the no. of repetions per sequence element. Allowed values: 0 to 65536. 0 corresponds to Infinite repetions.

  • trig_waits – List of len(segments) of integers specifying the trigger wait state of each sequence element. Allowed values: 0 (OFF) or 1 (ON).

  • goto_states – List of len(segments) of integers specifying the goto state of each sequence element. Allowed values: 0 to 65536 (0 means next)

  • jump_tos – List of len(segments) of integers specifying the logic jump state for each sequence element. Allowed values: 0 (OFF) or 1 (ON).

  • channels – List of channels to send the waveforms to. Example: [1, 3, 2]

  • filename – The name of the .awg-file. Should end with the .awg extension. Default: ‘customawgfile.awg’

  • preservechannelsettings – If True, the current channel settings are found from the parameter history and added to the .awg file. Else, channel settings are reset to the factory default values. Default: True.

make_and_save_awg_file(waveforms: Sequence[Sequence[ndarray]], m1s: Sequence[Sequence[ndarray]], m2s: Sequence[Sequence[ndarray]], nreps: Sequence[int], trig_waits: Sequence[int], goto_states: Sequence[int], jump_tos: Sequence[int], channels: Sequence[int] | None = None, filename: str = 'customawgfile.awg', preservechannelsettings: bool = True) None[source]

Makes an .awg-file and saves it locally.

Parameters:
  • waveforms – A list of the waveforms to upload. The list should be filled like so: [[wfm1ch1, wfm2ch1, …], [wfm1ch2, wfm2ch2], …] Each waveform should be a numpy array with values in the range -1 to 1 (inclusive). If you do not wish to send waveforms to channels 1 and 2, use the channels parameter.

  • m1s – A list of marker 1’s. The list should be filled like so: [[elem1m1ch1, elem2m1ch1, …], [elem1m1ch2, elem2m1ch2], …] Each marker should be a numpy array containing only 0’s and 1’s

  • m2s – A list of marker 2’s. The list should be filled like so: [[elem1m2ch1, elem2m2ch1, …], [elem1m2ch2, elem2m2ch2], …] Each marker should be a numpy array containing only 0’s and 1’s

  • nreps – List of integers specifying the no. of repetions per sequence element. Allowed values: 0 to 65536. O corresponds to Infinite repetions.

  • trig_waits – List of len(segments) of integers specifying the trigger wait state of each sequence element. Allowed values: 0 (OFF) or 1 (ON).

  • goto_states – List of len(segments) of integers specifying the goto state of each sequence element. Allowed values: 0 to 65536 (0 means next)

  • jump_tos – List of len(segments) of integers specifying the logic jump state for each sequence element. Allowed values: 0 (OFF) or 1 (ON).

  • channels – List of channels to send the waveforms to. Example: [1, 3, 2]

  • preservechannelsettings – If True, the current channel settings are found from the parameter history and added to the .awg file. Else, channel settings are not written in the file and will be reset to factory default when the file is loaded. Default: True.

  • filename – The full path of the .awg-file. Should end with the .awg extension. Default: ‘customawgfile.awg’

get_error() str[source]

This function retrieves and returns data from the error and event queues.

Returns:

String containing the error/event number, the error/event description.

delete_all_waveforms_from_list() None[source]

Delete all user-defined waveforms in the list in a single action. Note that there is no “UNDO” action once the waveforms are deleted. Use caution before issuing this command.

If the deleted waveform(s) is (are) currently loaded into waveform memory, it (they) is (are) unloaded. If the RUN state of the instrument is ON, the state is turned OFF. If the channel is on, it will be switched off.

get_filenames() str[source]

Duplicate of self.get_folder_contents

send_DC_pulse(DC_channel_number: int, set_level: float, length: float) None[source]

Sets the DC level on the specified channel, waits a while and then resets it to what it was before.

Note: Make sure that the output DC state is ON.

Parameters:
  • DC_channel_number (int) – The channel number (1-4).

  • set_level (float) – The voltage level to set to (V).

  • length (float) – The time to wait before resetting (s).

is_awg_ready() bool[source]

Assert if the AWG is ready.

Returns:

True, irrespective of anything.

send_waveform_to_list(w: ndarray, m1: ndarray, m2: ndarray, wfmname: str) None[source]

Send a single complete waveform directly to the “User defined” waveform list (prepend it). The data type of the input arrays is unimportant, but the marker arrays must contain only 1’s and 0’s.

Parameters:
  • w – The waveform

  • m1 – Marker1

  • m2 – Marker2

  • wfmname – waveform name

Raises:
  • Exception – if the lengths of w, m1, and m2 don’t match

  • TypeError – if the waveform contains values outside (-1, 1)

  • TypeError – if the markers contain values that are not 0 or 1

clear_message_queue(verbose: bool = False) None[source]

Function to clear up (flush) the VISA message queue of the AWG instrument. Reads all messages in the queue.

Parameters:

verbose – If True, the read messages are printed. Default: False.

__del__() None

Close the instrument and remove its instance record.

__getitem__(key: str) Callable[[...], Any] | Parameter

Delegate instrument[‘name’] to parameter or function ‘name’.

__getstate__() None

Prevent pickling instruments, and give a nice error message.

__repr__() str

Simplified repr giving just the class and name.

add_function(name: str, **kwargs: Any) None

Bind one Function to this instrument.

Instrument subclasses can call this repeatedly in their __init__ for every real function of the instrument.

This functionality is meant for simple cases, principally things that map to simple commands like *RST (reset) or those with just a few arguments. It requires a fixed argument count, and positional args only.

Note

We do not recommend the usage of Function for any new driver. Function does not add any significant features over a method defined on the class.

Parameters:
  • name – How the Function will be stored within instrument.Functions and also how you address it using the shortcut methods: instrument.call(func_name, *args) etc.

  • **kwargs – constructor kwargs for Function

Raises:

KeyError – If this instrument already has a function with this name.

add_parameter(name: str, parameter_class: type[ParameterBase] | None = None, **kwargs: Any) None

Bind one Parameter to this instrument.

Instrument subclasses can call this repeatedly in their __init__ for every real parameter of the instrument.

In this sense, parameters are the state variables of the instrument, anything the user can set and/or get.

Parameters:
  • name – How the parameter will be stored within parameters and also how you address it using the shortcut methods: instrument.set(param_name, value) etc.

  • parameter_class – You can construct the parameter out of any class. Default parameters.Parameter.

  • **kwargs – Constructor arguments for parameter_class.

Raises:
  • KeyError – If this instrument already has a parameter with this name and the parameter being replaced is not an abstract parameter.

  • ValueError – If there is an existing abstract parameter and the unit of the new parameter is inconsistent with the existing one.

add_submodule(name: str, submodule: InstrumentModule | ChannelTuple) None

Bind one submodule to this instrument.

Instrument subclasses can call this repeatedly in their __init__ method for every submodule of the instrument.

Submodules can effectively be considered as instruments within the main instrument, and should at minimum be snapshottable. For example, they can be used to either store logical groupings of parameters, which may or may not be repeated, or channel lists. They should either be an instance of an InstrumentModule or a ChannelTuple.

Parameters:
  • name – How the submodule will be stored within instrument.submodules and also how it can be addressed.

  • submodule – The submodule to be stored.

Raises:
  • KeyError – If this instrument already contains a submodule with this name.

  • TypeError – If the submodule that we are trying to add is not an instance of an Metadatable object.

property ancestors: tuple[InstrumentBase, ...]

Ancestors in the form of a list of InstrumentBase

The list starts with the current module then the parent and the parents parent until the root instrument is reached.

ask(cmd: str) str

Write a command string to the hardware and return a response.

Subclasses that transform cmd should override this method, and in it call super().ask(new_cmd). Subclasses that define a new hardware communication should instead override ask_raw.

Parameters:

cmd – The string to send to the instrument.

Returns:

response

Raises:

Exception – Wraps any underlying exception with extra context, including the command and the instrument.

ask_raw(cmd: str) str

Low-level interface to visa_handle.ask.

Parameters:

cmd – The command to send to the instrument.

Returns:

The instrument’s response.

Return type:

str

call(func_name: str, *args: Any) Any

Shortcut for calling a function from its name.

Parameters:
  • func_name – The name of a function of this instrument.

  • *args – any arguments to the function.

Returns:

The return value of the function.

close() None

Disconnect and irreversibly tear down the instrument.

classmethod close_all() None

Try to close all instruments registered in _all_instruments This is handy for use with atexit to ensure that all instruments are closed when a python session is closed.

Examples

>>> atexit.register(qc.Instrument.close_all())
connect_message(idn_param: str = 'IDN', begin_time: float | None = None) None

Print a standard message on initial connection to an instrument.

Parameters:
  • idn_param – Name of parameter that returns ID dict. Default IDN.

  • begin_timetime.time() when init started. Default is self._t0, set at start of Instrument.__init__.

delegate_attr_dicts: ClassVar[list[str]] = ['parameters', 'functions', 'submodules']

A list of names (strings) of dictionaries which are (or will be) attributes of self, whose keys should be treated as attributes of self.

delegate_attr_objects: ClassVar[list[str]] = []

A list of names (strings) of objects which are (or will be) attributes of self, whose attributes should be passed through to self.

device_clear() None

Clear the buffers of the device

static exist(name: str, instrument_class: type[Instrument] | None = None) bool

Check if an instrument with a given names exists (i.e. is already instantiated).

Parameters:
  • name – Name of the instrument.

  • instrument_class – The type of instrument you are looking for.

classmethod find_instrument(name: str, instrument_class: type[T] | None = None) T | Instrument

Find an existing instrument by name.

Parameters:
  • name – Name of the instrument.

  • instrument_class – The type of instrument you are looking for.

Returns:

The instrument found.

Raises:
  • KeyError – If no instrument of that name was found, or if its reference is invalid (dead).

  • TypeError – If a specific class was requested but a different type was found.

property full_name: str

Full name of the instrument.

For an InstrumentModule this includes all parents separated by _

get(param_name: str) Any

Shortcut for getting a parameter from its name.

Parameters:

param_name – The name of a parameter of this instrument.

Returns:

The current value of the parameter.

get_component(full_name: str) MetadatableWithName

Recursively get a component of the instrument by full_name.

Parameters:

name – The name of the component to get.

Returns:

The component with the given name.

Raises:

KeyError – If the component does not exist.

get_idn() dict[str, str | None]

Parse a standard VISA *IDN? response into an ID dict.

Even though this is the VISA standard, it applies to various other types as well, such as IPInstruments, so it is included here in the Instrument base class.

Override this if your instrument does not support *IDN? or returns a nonstandard IDN string. This string is supposed to be a comma-separated list of vendor, model, serial, and firmware, but semicolon and colon are also common separators so we accept them here as well.

Returns:

A dict containing vendor, model, serial, and firmware.

classmethod instances() list[T]

Get all currently defined instances of this instrument class.

You can use this to get the objects back if you lose track of them, and it’s also used by the test system to find objects to test against.

Returns:

A list of instances.

invalidate_cache() None

Invalidate the cache of all parameters on the instrument. Calling this method will recursively mark the cache of all parameters on the instrument and any parameter on instrument modules as invalid.

This is useful if you have performed manual operations (e.g. using the frontpanel) which changes the state of the instrument outside QCoDeS.

This in turn means that the next snapshot of the instrument will trigger a (potentially slow) reread of all parameters of the instrument if you pass update=None to snapshot.

static is_valid(instr_instance: Instrument) bool

Check if a given instance of an instrument is valid: if an instrument has been closed, its instance is not longer a “valid” instrument.

Parameters:

instr_instance – Instance of an Instrument class or its subclass.

property label: str

Nicely formatted label of the instrument.

load_metadata(metadata: Mapping[str, Any]) None

Load metadata into this classes metadata dictionary.

Parameters:

metadata – Metadata to load.

property name: str

Full name of the instrument

This is equivalent to full_name() for backwards compatibility.

property name_parts: list[str]

A list of all the parts of the instrument name from root_instrument() to the current InstrumentModule.

omit_delegate_attrs: ClassVar[list[str]] = []

A list of attribute names (strings) to not delegate to any other dictionary or object.

property parent: InstrumentBase | None

The parent instrument. By default, this is None. Any SubInstrument should subclass this to return the parent instrument.

print_readable_snapshot(update: bool = False, max_chars: int = 80) None

Prints a readable version of the snapshot. The readable snapshot includes the name, value and unit of each parameter. A convenience function to quickly get an overview of the status of an instrument.

Parameters:
  • update – If True, update the state by querying the instrument. If False, just use the latest values in memory. This argument gets passed to the snapshot function.

  • max_chars – the maximum number of characters per line. The readable snapshot will be cropped if this value is exceeded. Defaults to 80 to be consistent with default terminal width.

classmethod record_instance(instance: Instrument) None

Record (a weak ref to) an instance in a class’s instance list.

Also records the instance in list of all instruments, and verifies that there are no other instruments with the same name.

This method is called after initialization of the instrument is completed.

Parameters:

instance – Instance to record.

Raises:

KeyError – If another instance with the same name is already present.

classmethod remove_instance(instance: Instrument) None

Remove a particular instance from the record.

Parameters:

instance – The instance to remove

property root_instrument: InstrumentBase

The topmost parent of this module.

For the root_instrument this is self.

set(param_name: str, value: Any) None

Shortcut for setting a parameter from its name and new value.

Parameters:
  • param_name – The name of a parameter of this instrument.

  • value – The new value to set.

set_address(address: str) None

Set the address for this instrument.

Parameters:

address – The visa resource name to use to connect. The address should be the actual address and just that. If you wish to change the backend for VISA, use the self.visalib attribute (and then call this function).

set_terminator(terminator: str | None) None

Change the read terminator to use.

Parameters:

terminator – Character(s) to look for at the end of a read and to end each write command with. eg. \r\n. If None the terminator will not be set.

property short_name: str

Short name of the instrument.

For an InstrumentModule this does not include any parent names.

snapshot(update: bool | None = False) dict[str, Any]

Decorate a snapshot dictionary with metadata. DO NOT override this method if you want metadata in the snapshot instead, override snapshot_base().

Parameters:

update – Passed to snapshot_base.

Returns:

Base snapshot.

snapshot_base(update: bool | None = True, params_to_skip_update: Sequence[str] | None = None) dict[Any, Any]

State of the instrument as a JSON-compatible dict (everything that the custom JSON encoder class NumpyJSONEncoder supports).

Parameters:
  • update – If True, update the state by querying the instrument. If None only update if the state is known to be invalid. If False, just use the latest values in memory and never update.

  • params_to_skip_update – List of parameter names that will be skipped in update even if update is True. This is useful if you have parameters that are slow to update but can be updated in a different way (as in the qdac). If you want to skip the update of certain parameters in all snapshots, use the snapshot_get attribute of those parameters instead.

Returns:

base snapshot

Return type:

dict

validate_status(verbose: bool = False) None

Validate the values of all gettable parameters

The validation is done for all parameters that have both a get and set method.

Parameters:

verbose – If True, then information about the parameters that are being check is printed.

write(cmd: str) None

Write a command string with NO response to the hardware.

Subclasses that transform cmd should override this method, and in it call super().write(new_cmd). Subclasses that define a new hardware communication should instead override write_raw.

Parameters:

cmd – The string to send to the instrument.

Raises:

Exception – Wraps any underlying exception with extra context, including the command and the instrument.

write_raw(cmd: str) None

Low-level interface to visa_handle.write.

Parameters:

cmd – The command to send to the instrument.

visabackend: str = visabackend
visa_handle: pyvisa.resources.MessageBasedResource = visa_handle

The VISA resource used by this instrument.

visalib: str | None = visalib
parameters: dict[str, ParameterBase] = {}

All the parameters supported by this instrument. Usually populated via add_parameter().

functions: dict[str, Function] = {}

All the functions supported by this instrument. Usually populated via add_function().

submodules: dict[str, InstrumentModule | ChannelTuple] = {}

All the submodules of this instrument such as channel lists or logical groupings of parameters. Usually populated via add_submodule().

instrument_modules: dict[str, InstrumentModule] = {}

All the InstrumentModule of this instrument Usually populated via add_submodule().

log: InstrumentLoggerAdapter = get_instrument_logger(self, __name__)
metadata: dict[str, Any] = {}
resource_manager = resource_manager

The VISA resource manager used by this instrument.

class qcodes.instrument_drivers.tektronix.TektronixAWG5208(name: str, address: str, timeout: float = 10, **kwargs: Any)[source]

Bases: AWG70000A

The QCoDeS driver for Tektronix AWG5208

Parameters:
  • name – The name used internally by QCoDeS in the DataSet

  • address – The VISA resource name of the instrument

  • timeout – The VISA timeout time (in seconds).

Methods:

__del__()

Close the instrument and remove its instance record.

__getitem__(key)

Delegate instrument['name'] to parameter or function 'name'.

__getstate__()

Prevent pickling instruments, and give a nice error message.

__repr__()

Simplified repr giving just the class and name.

add_function(name, **kwargs)

Bind one Function to this instrument.

add_parameter(name[, parameter_class])

Bind one Parameter to this instrument.

add_submodule(name, submodule)

Bind one submodule to this instrument.

ask(cmd)

Write a command string to the hardware and return a response.

ask_raw(cmd)

Low-level interface to visa_handle.ask.

call(func_name, *args)

Shortcut for calling a function from its name.

clearSequenceList()

Clear the sequence list

clearWaveformList()

Clear the waveform list

close()

Disconnect and irreversibly tear down the instrument.

close_all()

Try to close all instruments registered in _all_instruments This is handy for use with atexit to ensure that all instruments are closed when a python session is closed.

connect_message([idn_param, begin_time])

Print a standard message on initial connection to an instrument.

delete_sequence_from_list(seqname)

Delete the specified sequence from the sequence list

device_clear()

Clear the buffers of the device

exist(name[, instrument_class])

Check if an instrument with a given names exists (i.e. is already instantiated).

find_instrument(name[, instrument_class])

Find an existing instrument by name.

force_triggerA()

Force a trigger A event

force_triggerB()

Force a trigger B event

get(param_name)

Shortcut for getting a parameter from its name.

get_component(full_name)

Recursively get a component of the instrument by full_name.

get_idn()

Parse a standard VISA *IDN? response into an ID dict.

instances()

Get all currently defined instances of this instrument class.

invalidate_cache()

Invalidate the cache of all parameters on the instrument.

is_valid(instr_instance)

Check if a given instance of an instrument is valid: if an instrument has been closed, its instance is not longer a "valid" instrument.

loadSEQXFile(filename[, path])

Load a seqx file from instrument disk memory.

loadWFMXFile(filename[, path])

Loads a wfmx from memory into the waveform list Only loading from the C: drive is supported

load_metadata(metadata)

Load metadata into this classes metadata dictionary.

makeSEQXFile(trig_waits, nreps, event_jumps, ...)

Make a full .seqx file (bundle) A .seqx file can presumably hold several sequences, but for now we support only packing a single sequence

makeWFMXFile(data, amplitude)

Compose a WFMX file

make_SEQX_from_forged_sequence(seq, ...[, ...])

Make a .seqx from a forged broadbean sequence.

play([wait_for_running, timeout])

Run the AWG/Func.

print_readable_snapshot([update, max_chars])

Prints a readable version of the snapshot.

record_instance(instance)

Record (a weak ref to) an instance in a class's instance list.

remove_instance(instance)

Remove a particular instance from the record.

sendSEQXFile(seqx, filename[, path])

Send a binary seqx file to the AWG's memory

sendWFMXFile(wfmx, filename[, path])

Send a binary wfmx file to the AWG's memory

set(param_name, value)

Shortcut for setting a parameter from its name and new value.

set_address(address)

Set the address for this instrument.

set_terminator(terminator)

Change the read terminator to use.

snapshot([update])

Decorate a snapshot dictionary with metadata.

snapshot_base([update, params_to_skip_update])

State of the instrument as a JSON-compatible dict (everything that the custom JSON encoder class NumpyJSONEncoder supports).

stop()

Stop the output of the instrument.

validate_status([verbose])

Validate the values of all gettable parameters

wait_for_operation_to_complete()

Waits for the latest issued overlapping command to finish

write(cmd)

Write a command string with NO response to the hardware.

write_raw(cmd)

Low-level interface to visa_handle.write.

Attributes:

ancestors

Ancestors in the form of a list of InstrumentBase

delegate_attr_dicts

A list of names (strings) of dictionaries which are (or will be) attributes of self, whose keys should be treated as attributes of self.

delegate_attr_objects

A list of names (strings) of objects which are (or will be) attributes of self, whose attributes should be passed through to self.

full_name

Full name of the instrument.

label

Nicely formatted label of the instrument.

name

Full name of the instrument

name_parts

A list of all the parts of the instrument name from root_instrument() to the current InstrumentModule.

omit_delegate_attrs

A list of attribute names (strings) to not delegate to any other dictionary or object.

parent

The parent instrument.

root_instrument

The topmost parent of this module.

sequenceList

Return the sequence list as a list of strings

short_name

Short name of the instrument.

waveformList

Return the waveform list as a list of strings

visa_handle

The VISA resource used by this instrument.

resource_manager

The VISA resource manager used by this instrument.

parameters

All the parameters supported by this instrument.

functions

All the functions supported by this instrument.

submodules

All the submodules of this instrument such as channel lists or logical groupings of parameters.

instrument_modules

All the InstrumentModule of this instrument Usually populated via add_submodule().

__del__() None

Close the instrument and remove its instance record.

__getitem__(key: str) Callable[[...], Any] | Parameter

Delegate instrument[‘name’] to parameter or function ‘name’.

__getstate__() None

Prevent pickling instruments, and give a nice error message.

__repr__() str

Simplified repr giving just the class and name.

add_function(name: str, **kwargs: Any) None

Bind one Function to this instrument.

Instrument subclasses can call this repeatedly in their __init__ for every real function of the instrument.

This functionality is meant for simple cases, principally things that map to simple commands like *RST (reset) or those with just a few arguments. It requires a fixed argument count, and positional args only.

Note

We do not recommend the usage of Function for any new driver. Function does not add any significant features over a method defined on the class.

Parameters:
  • name – How the Function will be stored within instrument.Functions and also how you address it using the shortcut methods: instrument.call(func_name, *args) etc.

  • **kwargs – constructor kwargs for Function

Raises:

KeyError – If this instrument already has a function with this name.

add_parameter(name: str, parameter_class: type[ParameterBase] | None = None, **kwargs: Any) None

Bind one Parameter to this instrument.

Instrument subclasses can call this repeatedly in their __init__ for every real parameter of the instrument.

In this sense, parameters are the state variables of the instrument, anything the user can set and/or get.

Parameters:
  • name – How the parameter will be stored within parameters and also how you address it using the shortcut methods: instrument.set(param_name, value) etc.

  • parameter_class – You can construct the parameter out of any class. Default parameters.Parameter.

  • **kwargs – Constructor arguments for parameter_class.

Raises:
  • KeyError – If this instrument already has a parameter with this name and the parameter being replaced is not an abstract parameter.

  • ValueError – If there is an existing abstract parameter and the unit of the new parameter is inconsistent with the existing one.

add_submodule(name: str, submodule: InstrumentModule | ChannelTuple) None

Bind one submodule to this instrument.

Instrument subclasses can call this repeatedly in their __init__ method for every submodule of the instrument.

Submodules can effectively be considered as instruments within the main instrument, and should at minimum be snapshottable. For example, they can be used to either store logical groupings of parameters, which may or may not be repeated, or channel lists. They should either be an instance of an InstrumentModule or a ChannelTuple.

Parameters:
  • name – How the submodule will be stored within instrument.submodules and also how it can be addressed.

  • submodule – The submodule to be stored.

Raises:
  • KeyError – If this instrument already contains a submodule with this name.

  • TypeError – If the submodule that we are trying to add is not an instance of an Metadatable object.

property ancestors: tuple[InstrumentBase, ...]

Ancestors in the form of a list of InstrumentBase

The list starts with the current module then the parent and the parents parent until the root instrument is reached.

ask(cmd: str) str

Write a command string to the hardware and return a response.

Subclasses that transform cmd should override this method, and in it call super().ask(new_cmd). Subclasses that define a new hardware communication should instead override ask_raw.

Parameters:

cmd – The string to send to the instrument.

Returns:

response

Raises:

Exception – Wraps any underlying exception with extra context, including the command and the instrument.

ask_raw(cmd: str) str

Low-level interface to visa_handle.ask.

Parameters:

cmd – The command to send to the instrument.

Returns:

The instrument’s response.

Return type:

str

call(func_name: str, *args: Any) Any

Shortcut for calling a function from its name.

Parameters:
  • func_name – The name of a function of this instrument.

  • *args – any arguments to the function.

Returns:

The return value of the function.

clearSequenceList() None

Clear the sequence list

clearWaveformList() None

Clear the waveform list

close() None

Disconnect and irreversibly tear down the instrument.

classmethod close_all() None

Try to close all instruments registered in _all_instruments This is handy for use with atexit to ensure that all instruments are closed when a python session is closed.

Examples

>>> atexit.register(qc.Instrument.close_all())
connect_message(idn_param: str = 'IDN', begin_time: float | None = None) None

Print a standard message on initial connection to an instrument.

Parameters:
  • idn_param – Name of parameter that returns ID dict. Default IDN.

  • begin_timetime.time() when init started. Default is self._t0, set at start of Instrument.__init__.

delegate_attr_dicts: ClassVar[list[str]] = ['parameters', 'functions', 'submodules']

A list of names (strings) of dictionaries which are (or will be) attributes of self, whose keys should be treated as attributes of self.

delegate_attr_objects: ClassVar[list[str]] = []

A list of names (strings) of objects which are (or will be) attributes of self, whose attributes should be passed through to self.

delete_sequence_from_list(seqname: str) None

Delete the specified sequence from the sequence list

Parameters:

seqname – The name of the sequence (as it appears in the sequence list, not the file name) to delete

device_clear() None

Clear the buffers of the device

static exist(name: str, instrument_class: type[Instrument] | None = None) bool

Check if an instrument with a given names exists (i.e. is already instantiated).

Parameters:
  • name – Name of the instrument.

  • instrument_class – The type of instrument you are looking for.

classmethod find_instrument(name: str, instrument_class: type[T] | None = None) T | Instrument

Find an existing instrument by name.

Parameters:
  • name – Name of the instrument.

  • instrument_class – The type of instrument you are looking for.

Returns:

The instrument found.

Raises:
  • KeyError – If no instrument of that name was found, or if its reference is invalid (dead).

  • TypeError – If a specific class was requested but a different type was found.

force_triggerA() None

Force a trigger A event

force_triggerB() None

Force a trigger B event

property full_name: str

Full name of the instrument.

For an InstrumentModule this includes all parents separated by _

get(param_name: str) Any

Shortcut for getting a parameter from its name.

Parameters:

param_name – The name of a parameter of this instrument.

Returns:

The current value of the parameter.

get_component(full_name: str) MetadatableWithName

Recursively get a component of the instrument by full_name.

Parameters:

name – The name of the component to get.

Returns:

The component with the given name.

Raises:

KeyError – If the component does not exist.

get_idn() dict[str, str | None]

Parse a standard VISA *IDN? response into an ID dict.

Even though this is the VISA standard, it applies to various other types as well, such as IPInstruments, so it is included here in the Instrument base class.

Override this if your instrument does not support *IDN? or returns a nonstandard IDN string. This string is supposed to be a comma-separated list of vendor, model, serial, and firmware, but semicolon and colon are also common separators so we accept them here as well.

Returns:

A dict containing vendor, model, serial, and firmware.

classmethod instances() list[T]

Get all currently defined instances of this instrument class.

You can use this to get the objects back if you lose track of them, and it’s also used by the test system to find objects to test against.

Returns:

A list of instances.

invalidate_cache() None

Invalidate the cache of all parameters on the instrument. Calling this method will recursively mark the cache of all parameters on the instrument and any parameter on instrument modules as invalid.

This is useful if you have performed manual operations (e.g. using the frontpanel) which changes the state of the instrument outside QCoDeS.

This in turn means that the next snapshot of the instrument will trigger a (potentially slow) reread of all parameters of the instrument if you pass update=None to snapshot.

static is_valid(instr_instance: Instrument) bool

Check if a given instance of an instrument is valid: if an instrument has been closed, its instance is not longer a “valid” instrument.

Parameters:

instr_instance – Instance of an Instrument class or its subclass.

property label: str

Nicely formatted label of the instrument.

loadSEQXFile(filename: str, path: str | None = None) None

Load a seqx file from instrument disk memory. All sequences in the file are loaded into the sequence list.

Parameters:
  • filename – The name of the sequence file INCLUDING the extension

  • path – Path to load from. If omitted, the default path (self.seqxFileFolder) is used.

loadWFMXFile(filename: str, path: str | None = None) None

Loads a wfmx from memory into the waveform list Only loading from the C: drive is supported

Parameters:
  • filename – Name of the file (with extension)

  • path – Path to load from. If omitted, the default path (self.wfmxFileFolder) is used.

load_metadata(metadata: Mapping[str, Any]) None

Load metadata into this classes metadata dictionary.

Parameters:

metadata – Metadata to load.

static makeSEQXFile(trig_waits: Sequence[int], nreps: Sequence[int], event_jumps: Sequence[int], event_jump_to: Sequence[int], go_to: Sequence[int], wfms: Sequence[Sequence[ndarray]], amplitudes: Sequence[float], seqname: str, flags: Sequence[Sequence[Sequence[int]]] | None = None) bytes

Make a full .seqx file (bundle) A .seqx file can presumably hold several sequences, but for now we support only packing a single sequence

For a single sequence, a .seqx file is a bundle of two files and two folders:

/Sequences

sequence.sml

/Waveforms

wfm1.wfmx wfm2.wfmx …

setup.xml userNotes.txt

Parameters:
  • trig_waits – Wait for a trigger? If yes, you must specify the trigger input. 0 for off, 1 for ‘TrigA’, 2 for ‘TrigB’, 3 for ‘Internal’.

  • nreps – No. of repetitions. 0 corresponds to infinite.

  • event_jumps – Jump when event triggered? If yes, you must specify the trigger input. 0 for off, 1 for ‘TrigA’, 2 for ‘TrigB’, 3 for ‘Internal’.

  • event_jump_to – Jump target in case of event. 1-indexed, 0 means next. Must be specified for all elements.

  • go_to – Which element to play next. 1-indexed, 0 means next.

  • wfms – numpy arrays describing each waveform plus two markers, packed like np.array([wfm, m1, m2]). These numpy arrays are then again packed in lists according to: [[wfmch1pos1, wfmch1pos2, …], [wfmch2pos1, …], …]

  • amplitudes – The peak-to-peak amplitude in V of the channels, i.e. a list [ch1_amp, ch2_amp].

  • seqname – The name of the sequence. This name will appear in the sequence list. Note that all spaces are converted to ‘_’

  • flags – Flags for the auxiliary outputs. 0 for ‘No change’, 1 for ‘High’, 2 for ‘Low’, 3 for ‘Toggle’, or 4 for ‘Pulse’. 4 flags [A, B, C, D] for every channel in every element, packed like: [[ch1pos1, ch1pos2, …], [ch2pos1, …], …] If omitted, no flags will be set.

Returns:

The binary .seqx file, ready to be sent to the instrument.

static makeWFMXFile(data: ndarray, amplitude: float) bytes

Compose a WFMX file

Parameters:
  • data – A numpy array holding the data. Markers can be included.

  • amplitude – The peak-to-peak amplitude (V) assumed to be set on the channel that will play this waveform. This information is needed as the waveform must be rescaled to (-1, 1) where -1 will correspond to the channel’s min. voltage and 1 to the channel’s max. voltage.

Returns:

The binary .wfmx file, ready to be sent to the instrument.

static make_SEQX_from_forged_sequence(seq: Mapping[int, Mapping[Any, Any]], amplitudes: Sequence[float], seqname: str, channel_mapping: Mapping[str | int, int] | None = None) bytes

Make a .seqx from a forged broadbean sequence. Supports subsequences.

Parameters:
  • seq – The output of broadbean’s Sequence.forge()

  • amplitudes – A list of the AWG channels’ voltage amplitudes. The first entry is ch1 etc.

  • channel_mapping – A mapping from what the channel is called in the broadbean sequence to the integer describing the physical channel it should be assigned to.

  • seqname – The name that the sequence will have in the AWG’s sequence list. Used for loading the sequence.

Returns:

The binary .seqx file contents. Can be sent directly to the

instrument or saved on disk.

property name: str

Full name of the instrument

This is equivalent to full_name() for backwards compatibility.

property name_parts: list[str]

A list of all the parts of the instrument name from root_instrument() to the current InstrumentModule.

omit_delegate_attrs: ClassVar[list[str]] = []

A list of attribute names (strings) to not delegate to any other dictionary or object.

property parent: InstrumentBase | None

The parent instrument. By default, this is None. Any SubInstrument should subclass this to return the parent instrument.

play(wait_for_running: bool = True, timeout: float = 10) None

Run the AWG/Func. Gen. This command is equivalent to pressing the play button on the front panel.

Parameters:
  • wait_for_running – If True, this command is blocking while the instrument is getting ready to play

  • timeout – The maximal time to wait for the instrument to play. Raises an exception is this time is reached.

print_readable_snapshot(update: bool = False, max_chars: int = 80) None

Prints a readable version of the snapshot. The readable snapshot includes the name, value and unit of each parameter. A convenience function to quickly get an overview of the status of an instrument.

Parameters:
  • update – If True, update the state by querying the instrument. If False, just use the latest values in memory. This argument gets passed to the snapshot function.

  • max_chars – the maximum number of characters per line. The readable snapshot will be cropped if this value is exceeded. Defaults to 80 to be consistent with default terminal width.

classmethod record_instance(instance: Instrument) None

Record (a weak ref to) an instance in a class’s instance list.

Also records the instance in list of all instruments, and verifies that there are no other instruments with the same name.

This method is called after initialization of the instrument is completed.

Parameters:

instance – Instance to record.

Raises:

KeyError – If another instance with the same name is already present.

classmethod remove_instance(instance: Instrument) None

Remove a particular instance from the record.

Parameters:

instance – The instance to remove

property root_instrument: InstrumentBase

The topmost parent of this module.

For the root_instrument this is self.

sendSEQXFile(seqx: bytes, filename: str, path: str | None = None) None

Send a binary seqx file to the AWG’s memory

Parameters:
  • seqx – The binary seqx file, preferably the output of makeSEQXFile.

  • filename – The name of the file on the AWG disk, including the extension.

  • path – The path to the directory where the file should be saved. If omitted, seqxFileFolder will be used.

sendWFMXFile(wfmx: bytes, filename: str, path: str | None = None) None

Send a binary wfmx file to the AWG’s memory

Parameters:
  • wfmx – The binary wfmx file, preferably the output of makeWFMXFile.

  • filename – The name of the file on the AWG disk, including the extension.

  • path – The path to the directory where the file should be saved. If omitted, seqxFileFolder will be used.

property sequenceList: list[str]

Return the sequence list as a list of strings

set(param_name: str, value: Any) None

Shortcut for setting a parameter from its name and new value.

Parameters:
  • param_name – The name of a parameter of this instrument.

  • value – The new value to set.

set_address(address: str) None

Set the address for this instrument.

Parameters:

address – The visa resource name to use to connect. The address should be the actual address and just that. If you wish to change the backend for VISA, use the self.visalib attribute (and then call this function).

set_terminator(terminator: str | None) None

Change the read terminator to use.

Parameters:

terminator – Character(s) to look for at the end of a read and to end each write command with. eg. \r\n. If None the terminator will not be set.

property short_name: str

Short name of the instrument.

For an InstrumentModule this does not include any parent names.

snapshot(update: bool | None = False) dict[str, Any]

Decorate a snapshot dictionary with metadata. DO NOT override this method if you want metadata in the snapshot instead, override snapshot_base().

Parameters:

update – Passed to snapshot_base.

Returns:

Base snapshot.

snapshot_base(update: bool | None = True, params_to_skip_update: Sequence[str] | None = None) dict[Any, Any]

State of the instrument as a JSON-compatible dict (everything that the custom JSON encoder class NumpyJSONEncoder supports).

Parameters:
  • update – If True, update the state by querying the instrument. If None only update if the state is known to be invalid. If False, just use the latest values in memory and never update.

  • params_to_skip_update – List of parameter names that will be skipped in update even if update is True. This is useful if you have parameters that are slow to update but can be updated in a different way (as in the qdac). If you want to skip the update of certain parameters in all snapshots, use the snapshot_get attribute of those parameters instead.

Returns:

base snapshot

Return type:

dict

stop() None

Stop the output of the instrument. This command is equivalent to pressing the stop button on the front panel.

validate_status(verbose: bool = False) None

Validate the values of all gettable parameters

The validation is done for all parameters that have both a get and set method.

Parameters:

verbose – If True, then information about the parameters that are being check is printed.

wait_for_operation_to_complete() None

Waits for the latest issued overlapping command to finish

property waveformList: list[str]

Return the waveform list as a list of strings

write(cmd: str) None

Write a command string with NO response to the hardware.

Subclasses that transform cmd should override this method, and in it call super().write(new_cmd). Subclasses that define a new hardware communication should instead override write_raw.

Parameters:

cmd – The string to send to the instrument.

Raises:

Exception – Wraps any underlying exception with extra context, including the command and the instrument.

write_raw(cmd: str) None

Low-level interface to visa_handle.write.

Parameters:

cmd – The command to send to the instrument.

visabackend: str = visabackend
visa_handle: pyvisa.resources.MessageBasedResource = visa_handle

The VISA resource used by this instrument.

visalib: str | None = visalib
parameters: dict[str, ParameterBase] = {}

All the parameters supported by this instrument. Usually populated via add_parameter().

functions: dict[str, Function] = {}

All the functions supported by this instrument. Usually populated via add_function().

submodules: dict[str, InstrumentModule | ChannelTuple] = {}

All the submodules of this instrument such as channel lists or logical groupings of parameters. Usually populated via add_submodule().

instrument_modules: dict[str, InstrumentModule] = {}

All the InstrumentModule of this instrument Usually populated via add_submodule().

log: InstrumentLoggerAdapter = get_instrument_logger(self, __name__)
metadata: dict[str, Any] = {}
resource_manager = resource_manager

The VISA resource manager used by this instrument.

class qcodes.instrument_drivers.tektronix.TektronixAWG70001A(name: str, address: str, timeout: float = 10, **kwargs: Any)[source]

Bases: AWG70000A

The QCoDeS driver for Tektronix AWG70001A series AWG’s.

All the actual driver meat is in the superclass AWG70000A.

Parameters:
  • name – The name used internally by QCoDeS in the DataSet

  • address – The VISA resource name of the instrument

  • timeout – The VISA timeout time (in seconds).

Methods:

__del__()

Close the instrument and remove its instance record.

__getitem__(key)

Delegate instrument['name'] to parameter or function 'name'.

__getstate__()

Prevent pickling instruments, and give a nice error message.

__repr__()

Simplified repr giving just the class and name.

add_function(name, **kwargs)

Bind one Function to this instrument.

add_parameter(name[, parameter_class])

Bind one Parameter to this instrument.

add_submodule(name, submodule)

Bind one submodule to this instrument.

ask(cmd)

Write a command string to the hardware and return a response.

ask_raw(cmd)

Low-level interface to visa_handle.ask.

call(func_name, *args)

Shortcut for calling a function from its name.

clearSequenceList()

Clear the sequence list

clearWaveformList()

Clear the waveform list

close()

Disconnect and irreversibly tear down the instrument.

close_all()

Try to close all instruments registered in _all_instruments This is handy for use with atexit to ensure that all instruments are closed when a python session is closed.

connect_message([idn_param, begin_time])

Print a standard message on initial connection to an instrument.

delete_sequence_from_list(seqname)

Delete the specified sequence from the sequence list

device_clear()

Clear the buffers of the device

exist(name[, instrument_class])

Check if an instrument with a given names exists (i.e. is already instantiated).

find_instrument(name[, instrument_class])

Find an existing instrument by name.

force_triggerA()

Force a trigger A event

force_triggerB()

Force a trigger B event

get(param_name)

Shortcut for getting a parameter from its name.

get_component(full_name)

Recursively get a component of the instrument by full_name.

get_idn()

Parse a standard VISA *IDN? response into an ID dict.

instances()

Get all currently defined instances of this instrument class.

invalidate_cache()

Invalidate the cache of all parameters on the instrument.

is_valid(instr_instance)

Check if a given instance of an instrument is valid: if an instrument has been closed, its instance is not longer a "valid" instrument.

loadSEQXFile(filename[, path])

Load a seqx file from instrument disk memory.

loadWFMXFile(filename[, path])

Loads a wfmx from memory into the waveform list Only loading from the C: drive is supported

load_metadata(metadata)

Load metadata into this classes metadata dictionary.

makeSEQXFile(trig_waits, nreps, event_jumps, ...)

Make a full .seqx file (bundle) A .seqx file can presumably hold several sequences, but for now we support only packing a single sequence

makeWFMXFile(data, amplitude)

Compose a WFMX file

make_SEQX_from_forged_sequence(seq, ...[, ...])

Make a .seqx from a forged broadbean sequence.

play([wait_for_running, timeout])

Run the AWG/Func.

print_readable_snapshot([update, max_chars])

Prints a readable version of the snapshot.

record_instance(instance)

Record (a weak ref to) an instance in a class's instance list.

remove_instance(instance)

Remove a particular instance from the record.

sendSEQXFile(seqx, filename[, path])

Send a binary seqx file to the AWG's memory

sendWFMXFile(wfmx, filename[, path])

Send a binary wfmx file to the AWG's memory

set(param_name, value)

Shortcut for setting a parameter from its name and new value.

set_address(address)

Set the address for this instrument.

set_terminator(terminator)

Change the read terminator to use.

snapshot([update])

Decorate a snapshot dictionary with metadata.

snapshot_base([update, params_to_skip_update])

State of the instrument as a JSON-compatible dict (everything that the custom JSON encoder class NumpyJSONEncoder supports).

stop()

Stop the output of the instrument.

validate_status([verbose])

Validate the values of all gettable parameters

wait_for_operation_to_complete()

Waits for the latest issued overlapping command to finish

write(cmd)

Write a command string with NO response to the hardware.

write_raw(cmd)

Low-level interface to visa_handle.write.

Attributes:

ancestors

Ancestors in the form of a list of InstrumentBase

delegate_attr_dicts

A list of names (strings) of dictionaries which are (or will be) attributes of self, whose keys should be treated as attributes of self.

delegate_attr_objects

A list of names (strings) of objects which are (or will be) attributes of self, whose attributes should be passed through to self.

full_name

Full name of the instrument.

label

Nicely formatted label of the instrument.

name

Full name of the instrument

name_parts

A list of all the parts of the instrument name from root_instrument() to the current InstrumentModule.

omit_delegate_attrs

A list of attribute names (strings) to not delegate to any other dictionary or object.

parent

The parent instrument.

root_instrument

The topmost parent of this module.

sequenceList

Return the sequence list as a list of strings

short_name

Short name of the instrument.

waveformList

Return the waveform list as a list of strings

visa_handle

The VISA resource used by this instrument.

resource_manager

The VISA resource manager used by this instrument.

parameters

All the parameters supported by this instrument.

functions

All the functions supported by this instrument.

submodules

All the submodules of this instrument such as channel lists or logical groupings of parameters.

instrument_modules

All the InstrumentModule of this instrument Usually populated via add_submodule().

__del__() None

Close the instrument and remove its instance record.

__getitem__(key: str) Callable[[...], Any] | Parameter

Delegate instrument[‘name’] to parameter or function ‘name’.

__getstate__() None

Prevent pickling instruments, and give a nice error message.

__repr__() str

Simplified repr giving just the class and name.

add_function(name: str, **kwargs: Any) None

Bind one Function to this instrument.

Instrument subclasses can call this repeatedly in their __init__ for every real function of the instrument.

This functionality is meant for simple cases, principally things that map to simple commands like *RST (reset) or those with just a few arguments. It requires a fixed argument count, and positional args only.

Note

We do not recommend the usage of Function for any new driver. Function does not add any significant features over a method defined on the class.

Parameters:
  • name – How the Function will be stored within instrument.Functions and also how you address it using the shortcut methods: instrument.call(func_name, *args) etc.

  • **kwargs – constructor kwargs for Function

Raises:

KeyError – If this instrument already has a function with this name.

add_parameter(name: str, parameter_class: type[ParameterBase] | None = None, **kwargs: Any) None

Bind one Parameter to this instrument.

Instrument subclasses can call this repeatedly in their __init__ for every real parameter of the instrument.

In this sense, parameters are the state variables of the instrument, anything the user can set and/or get.

Parameters:
  • name – How the parameter will be stored within parameters and also how you address it using the shortcut methods: instrument.set(param_name, value) etc.

  • parameter_class – You can construct the parameter out of any class. Default parameters.Parameter.

  • **kwargs – Constructor arguments for parameter_class.

Raises:
  • KeyError – If this instrument already has a parameter with this name and the parameter being replaced is not an abstract parameter.

  • ValueError – If there is an existing abstract parameter and the unit of the new parameter is inconsistent with the existing one.

add_submodule(name: str, submodule: InstrumentModule |